Agriculture is where it all started and where it keeps on giving for these 10 most advanced countries in agriculture. While the 7 most advanced countries in space technology keep on pushing the boundaries, these agricultural export giants are the ones who keep the foundation for them strong and supply what is probably the most important resource to all humanity – our own fuel – food.
Also known as the harnessing of nature, what we call agriculture today has long been more than just cultivating animals, plants and fungi for food and other precious resources. Nowadays technology has changed the face of agriculture and all related industries to the point where it looks like something out of a science fiction movie, sometimes frighteningly so. Let’s look back in time when there was no such thing as walking out to the store to get a couple of things you need for the fancy meal you’re making. In fact, in the pre-industrial revolution world, the majority of humanity’s labor was concentrated on agriculture because that was the main way to survive. Imagine having to actually visit China to eat Chinese food because there was virtually no way to prepare anything remotely resembling their cuisine due to the lack of ingredients you would need. It is estimated that the paving of the long road to modern-day agriculture began around eleven thousand years ago when someone finally figured out how to cultivate plant species that were usually found in the wild. With multiple generations of specially selected crops, the genetic structure of these domesticated plant species started to differ from what can be found in the wild, thus giving scientists a tip on how long ago the whole ordeal started.
Soon after, cultivation techniques such as crop rotation, irrigation and all the special things that make your salad so fresh and crunchy (including natural fertilizers) came to be and started slowly becoming the highly automated and almost autonomous agricultural activity we know nowadays. The past century, specifically has brought on some major leaps in the area such as several major breakthroughs in synthesizing fertilizers, pesticides and selecting and genetically modifying crops for a bigger yield. All these highly complicated processes played their role in making the world a better place but they did so more for some than others. Let’s take a look at the 10 most advanced countries in agriculture.