Whether supplying the primary rotational force applied to our world or the ladies’ best friends, the top 11 diamond producing countries in the world are the main suppliers of this invaluable, for our way of living, gems. Contrary to popular culture, which somehow manages to dumb people down enough to make them believe diamonds only have any practical use in jewelry, the hardest mineral formation you can find in the world is also used in cutting, grinding, drilling, for light manipulation and numerous other seemingly insignificant applications. Following the trend of shiny things which emerge from the ground, you could also take a look at the 11 biggest gold mining companies in the world.
These gemstones come in an amazing array of sizes and shapes, many of which have been known for thousands of years. It is estimated that the Indian people in ancient times used to mine for diamonds as far as six thousand years back. The name itself comes from ancient Greek and means unbreakable or untamed. While diamonds require immense amounts of pressure under the earth’s crust to form, a certain quantity of diamonds in ancient times might have come from meteorites or formed upon their impact with the planet’s surface. Other than that, diamonds require a very specific type of environment to be formed. Not only does it have to be rich in carbon but the temperature and pressure also have to be right. These conditions are not easy to satisfy and therefore diamonds are extremely rare. Most of their natural formation in the Earth’s mantle occurs at over a hundred and forty kilometers of depth.
Most diamonds we see are brought by volcanic activity which can bring them up to the surface and spread them around a large area, although this rarely occurs due to the fact that most sources of magma are not as deep as the depth of viable diamond formation layers. However, with the development of technology, we can now almost effectively produce diamonds anywhere, using special machinery which can simulate the pressure and temperature of being trapped two hundred kilometers underground. It gets even more complicated, knowing that diamonds are divided in various grades and durability and color ratings, and certain types manifest properties unlike any other diamond (such as electric conductivity). Even so, these eleven countries want them all and want them now, so let’s take a look at the biggest producers of diamonds worldwide.