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Top 20 Agricultural Producing Countries in the World

The top 20 agricultural producing countries in the world are the top performers in world agriculture-  a vital element for world livelihood. Agriculture is one of the indispensable sectors of the world economy which is not only one of the highest revenue earners worldwide, but also one which caters to the food requirement of the world. Being one of the core industries which is seldom hit by fluctuating demands, a country with a strong foothold in agriculture production can allow for greater stable economic development of a country. It can be hence deduced that a country that relies on its agriculture produce for its revenue generation is building a base to a strong economy. 

The agriculture industry combines agricultural production with theories of marketing – where distribution channels and exports come into play.  While over the years scientific advancement has aided production, the costs pertaining to development of a value chain have increased owing to a focus on marketing. 

 Apart from production there are countries which focus on other areas for earnings revenue from their agriculture industries and some countries go beyond the domestic markets to explore more of exports and cater to an international consumer base. All this has been possible owing to new techniques of supply dynamics. To check the countries which produce majorly for exports and are the biggest agricultural exporters in the world, you can visit our previous article 11 Countries with the Highest Agricultural Exports in the World

harvester, harvesting, harvest, barley, grain, tractor, field, farming, heartland, sunset, bread, rye, ripe, dust, grow, agriculture, swath, yellow, peasant, growing, ears,

Subbotina Anna/

Recently, climate change has been a major game changer in the agriculture scenario worldwide. With changes in atmospheric factors such as temperature rising and water scarcity, agriculture has been greatly affected. Being an industry largely dependent on the natural conditions – agriculture has been faced with fluctuating yields around the world with the changing weather conditions. The future of these countries lies in adapting to change and developing their own response to climate change. The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations suggests some climate change strategies that can help nations strengthen their climate change mitigation efforts in order to stabilize agriculture. In days to come, agriculture performance of these countries may largely vary according to their focus and efforts on these strategies. 

We have focused our article on the top agricultural producing countries that focus on growing crops to meet the world’s major chunk of food needs. However, other than crops that cater to food requirements, there are also cash crops that are major raw material providers for other industries. That would include, Oilseeds and Cotton seeds producing countries. We have taken the World Agricultural Production data by United States Department of Agriculture as our main source. However, the datasets by USDA focuses on food crops and cash crops individually. To obtain our list of the top 20 agricultural producing countries in the world, we have used data for food crops and cash crops like Oilseeds and Cotton seeds, in cumulative for a more holistic view of agricultural countries.

For now, let’s take a look at the Top 20 Agricultural Producing Countries in the World currently! 

20. Belarus 

Total Production in 2019 – 2.93 million metric tonnes

More than 40% of the country’s land is dedicated farmland. Privatizing the country’s farms have greatly contributed to increasing productivity and the agricultural industry not only contributes greatly to GDP but is also a valuable source of foreign exchange. 

Vlad Teodor/