Our list of human trafficking facts in India: history, causes, and statistics will show you that this issue is unfortunately still widespread in most parts of the world.
Human trafficking is a broad term that incorporates all the acts tied to an exploitation of persons against their will. This includes both labor and sexual exploitation. Human trafficking is nowadays a multi-billion dollar industry, and despite the continuous efforts of the world’s governments, traffickers are still destroying millions of innocent lives. It is estimated by International Labor Organization that on a global scale there are 20.9 million persons who can be considered victims of human trafficking. 55% of them are women and girls, while 26% are children. Close to 70% of the 20.9 million victims are exploited for labor, while 22% (4.5 million) are sexually exploited. Contrary to popular belief, human trafficking isn’t only an issue in the developing countries but remains a persistent problem in all the countries in the world including the United States. For example, according to the Polaris Project report from 2016, the number of reported human trafficking cases in the United States increases each year. The project learned about 8,042 human trafficking cases, which is an increase of 35% compared to 2015. Their hotline for reporting human trafficking cases received 7,572 reports, from which 5,551 were related to sex trafficking, and 1,057 were related to labor trafficking. To help you put things into perspective, we should tell you that Polaris Project received 31,659 reports of human trafficking from 2006 to 2016. In case you are interested in learning more about human trafficking on a global scale, check out our list of top 15 cities with highest human trafficking in the world.
One of the countries largely affected by the problem of human trafficking is India. Unfortunately, the magnitude of the problem is only speculative, since there are no definitive data or statistics that could shed light on the problem of human trafficking in India. There is some information available in the National Crimes Record Bureau’s (NCRB) Crime in India Report for 2015. It tells us that 6,877 human trafficking related cases were registered in 2015 which represents 25.8% increase compared to 2014 when there were 5,466 cases reported. The issue here is that the numbers of reported cases represent just a small portion of the trafficking activity in the country. The things start to sound worse when you know that there is no urgency by police forces or judicial system to solve these cases. The previously mentioned report shows that out of 19,717 cases, trials ended in 2,075 cases during 2015. A total of 57,366 persons has been set for trial in 2015, with trial ending for 5,439 of them. 2,139 persons have been convicted. The report gave data about child trafficking separately. In 5,003 cases of child trafficking, the trials have been completed in only 384 of them. 55 cases ended up with conviction.
Before we continue with our list of human trafficking facts in India: history, causes, and statistics we should tell you the methodology behind it. We gave our best to collect the most commonly repeated facts on the internet, including those found in Trafficking in Persons Report (compiled by U.S. State Department of State), Agape Research Foundation, Big Wire and Maps of India among others. The ones that seemed most helpful, giving a better insight on the human trafficking issue in India were featured on the list of human trafficking facts in India: history, causes, and statistics. Let’s check it out now.