Foreign born population: 5.721.457
Almost 6 million of foreigners living in Italy accounted for 9.4 percent of total population. The majority of them were born in other parts of Europe, Africa, and South America. As one of the countries that face a decline in working-age population, Italy has benefited from migrants influx. However, this is also the country that has witnessed one of the highest migrant death tolls. Only in a shipwreck in April this year, around 700 migrants died near Italian island Lampedusa while it is estimated that in this year around 3.000 refugees who used sea route across Mediterranean drowned.