What are the most advanced countries in Africa? We recently covered the 10 most advanced countries in information technology, but now let’s see where we can place African countries when it comes to measuring standards of living, education, healthcare and economic growth.
How do we measure general development of a country? HDI (Human Development Index) is used to measure standards of living across the world. United Nations Development Program uses data to publish annual Human Development Reports about the current status of each country’s development. Countries are listed in three categories: high human development, medium human development and low human development. Economic growth, employment, standards of living are measured (GDP- Gross domestic product per capita), the status of the educational system and healthcare are among the main factors used in calculating the human development index.
Human Development Report that was published last year (data collected in 2013 and the report was published in 2014) shows which countries are the most advanced on the African continent. There are five African countries that have high HDI according to this report, and we will also include five more countries with medium HDI, to make our list of the 10 most advanced countries in Africa.
10. Cape Verde
The Republic of Cape Verde is located in the Atlantic Ocean, it is an archipelago of 10 islands and 8 islets. It is recognized as a developing country since 2007 and since 2000 the country has strong economic performance (mainly because of tourism). The country has a service-oriented economy, and nearly 75% of GDP comes from public services and tourism. Other sectors’ contributions to GDP are: industry: 16.5% and agriculture 9.2% .