10 largest egg producing countries in the world account for almost 70% of the total global egg production. Eggs are an important source of protein and vitamin n for billions of people. But have you even wondered which countries produce and supply these eggs in such huge quantities? Continued economic growth and increased urbanization are further expected to bolster people’s demand for eggs.
A rapid increase in population and per capita income has led to a rising consumption of poultry eggs. This paved the way for increased opportunities in the market for egg poultry breeding enterprises. During the early days, most of the egg production came from farm flocks of hens. But with the improvement in technology and the development of sophisticated equipment, there was a change from small farm flocks to larger commercial operations.
Over the past three decades egg production has increased by more than 150% worldwide and more than 380% in Asia itself. The world egg production is estimated to expand by more than 2% per year. Egg in shell constitutes the major chunk of global export volumes at more than 80%.
U.S. is the second-largest egg producer in the world. In fact, meat and poultry industries constitute major parts of the U.S agriculture? You might like to read our list of 10 largest cattle producing states in the US.
We have compiled a list of 10 largest egg producing countries in the world from data provided by Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) of United Nations. China tops the list with almost 39% of the total global production with the other nine countries accounting for another 31% of the global production.
10. Turkey – 1%
With annual egg production around 1.03 million tons Turkey ranks tenth on our list of 100 largest egg producing countries in the world. The egg producers have a producers’ organization that helps protecting their own rights and interests. The Turkish Egg Producers Association is a member of International Egg Commission. Turkey’s geographical location is also an added advantage to export to the other countries.
9. Ukraine – 2%
Ukraine in the ninth largest egg producer globally with a 2% share of the total eggs produced. Ukraine exports approximately 5% of the eggs it produces. The country received permission to export eggs to the European Union in April 2015. Total production is expected to increase to 18.5 billion units by 2016.
8. Indonesia – 2%
Indonesia is the seventh largest egg producing country with an annual production of 1.22 million tons, constituting 2% of the global egg production. The country’s tea eggs (telur pindang) and healthy eggs are quite popular. Indonesia’s poultry industry is geographically highly concentrated, largely in Western Java.
7. Russia – 3%
Russian annual egg production stands at 2.28 million tons. Saratov region, Chechnya, and Kabardino-Balkaria have recorded increased production of eggs in Russia. The local egg producers might benefit from import bans on eggs and other agricultural produce in Russia. Prioskolye is the largest egg producing company in Russia with a flock size of 5 million.
6. Brazil – 3%
Brazil amasses 3% of the worldwide egg production. Brazilian egg production totaled 39.5 billion units in 2015, a 6% hike from the previous year. Some of the large eggs producing states in Brazil are Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and Mato Grosso.
5. Mexico – 3%
With a production of 2.5 million tons of eggs, Mexico ranks fifth on our list of largest egg producing countries in the world. The country accounts for 3% of the global egg production. Mexico has a large per capital consumption of eggs in the world. The egg industry had suffered a great deal as a result of avian influenza outbreak. As a result, Mexican egg exports are permitted if they are breaking eggs, pathogen-free or have received a thermal process. Some of the large eggs producing states in Mexico are Veracruz, Torreon, Campeche, Guanajuato and Yucatan.
4. Japan – 3.4%
Japan ranks fourth in the global egg production, with a total of about 2.52 million tons of eggs. This accounted for 3.4% of the total world production. Japan also produces white on white eggs from rice-fed hens. The demand for eggs and egg products in Japan is greater than the domestic supply, which is why Japan also imports a considerable amount. The country also specializes in producing eggs through non-automated means.
3. India – 5%
India is the third among the largest egg producing countries in the world on our list, accounting for 5% of the total production of eggs. India’s production stood at 78.48 billion eggs in 2014-15. The top egg-producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Haryana, and Punjab.
2. United States of America – 8%
The US ranks on the third spot, as the country amassed 8% of the global egg production with 5.6 million tons of eggs produced annually. Most of the egg production in the US is for human consumption. The top five egg producing states are Iowa, Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania and Texas. There are approximately 186 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more.
1. China – 40%
China ranks on the first spot on our list of 10 largest egg producing countries in the world with a 40% share in the global egg production. China has experienced vigorous growth in the poultry sector over the last twenty years. Poultry production now account for a larger proportion of China’s total livestock production. Egg production has increased tremendously from just 5.35 million tons in 1995 to 29 million tons in 2013. China’s egg production is mainly concentrated in Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Hubei, Anhui, Heilongjiang, and Jilin provinces. Chinese eggs are exported to many countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, and Oceania.