Although industry fundamentals have markedly improved and crude prices have soared since February, there are still some energy bears. Given that it’s always good to hear what the other side is thinking, let’s analyze the long term bearish thesis for crude by the fund Sui Generis, which was up 9.38% year-to-date net of fees and expenses as of August 31.
Given that the fund’s thesis is also relevant to integrated oil giants such as BP plc (ADR) (NYSE:BP), Exxon Mobil Corporation (NYSE:XOM), Chevron Corporation (NYSE:CVX), Petroleo Brasileiro SA Petrobras (ADR) (NYSE:PBR), and Total SA (ADR) (NYSE:TOT), let’s take a closer look at Sui Generis’ comments and assess what other investors think about these companies. For those of you interested in more oil related research, check out this interesting article on the 11 countries that consume the most oil in the world.
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According to its October letter to investors, Sui Generis is rather long term bearish/cautious on oil due to both supply and demand reasons. In terms of supply, Sui Generis thinks that any progress made by OPEC in terms of reigning in production could likely be taken up by North American unconventional producers. This is due to the fact that many North American shale producers are rather competitive in the $50-$55 per barrel range due to their years of experience and their various acreage across promising plays. The fund also thinks that production costs could continue to stay low as the shale players take advantage of data analytics and other technologies to increase efficiency. Furthermore, in contrast to the traditional long lead time of product development for traditional fields, North American shale producers can go from spud to production rather quickly, and thus dampen any sort of major oil price spike.
In terms of long-term demand, Sui Generis thinks that concerns over global warming will prompt more adoption of greener transport alternatives, particularly in countries such as China where pollution is currently a big problem. The fund also notes that many millennials aren’t super enthused about working for companies such as BP plc (ADR) (NYSE:BP), and thus logic reasons that many might not want to invest in oil company stocks either. That could cause some multiple condensation.
On the next page, we will look more into Sui Generis’ thesis on crude and will examine the hedge fund sentiment towards the five oil giants mentioned earlier.