Facebook Inc (FB) Home and Android: The Fight for Mobile Advertising Ramps Up

Android, the open-source Operating System that Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) gives away to smartphone makers, is seriously important to the company’s future.  As more and more of our time on the Web happens through our mobile devices, the increasing market share of Android-based phones guarantees that Google will continue to dominate both Search and the Web Advertising revenue that comes along with it.

Facebook Inc (NASDAQ:FB)At least that was the story before Facebook Inc (NASDAQ:FB) announced “Facebook Home.”

From the Motley Fool’s Evan Niu:

Home is more than just a single app and is more of a layer of services that get integrated into Google Android devices. Mark Zuckerberg said the idea is to emphasize people over apps.  Part of Home is a Cover feed that replaces a smartphone’s home and lock screens and shows what friends are doing.

What’s Facebook Home and why should Google care?

Simply put, it is a very high level of integration on top of the Android platform.  While this in and of itself isn’t specifically harmful to Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG), the recently-launched Graph Search will directly take away from Google’s ad revenue stream, and put that revenue in Facebook Inc (NASDAQ:FB)’s pocket-at least that’s the theory. Think about it this way:

While the lock screen feed isn’t an issue, the replacement of the home screen with a Facebook-centric interface, which will surely include access to Graph Search instead of the Google search bar, is a notable move on the part of Facebook.  And while I honestly have yet to use Graph Search (I’m usually slow to adopt these things- I only joined Facebook Inc (NASDAQ:FB) about a year ago…) the value that it offers in terms of search results that are based on common interests, could be huge.

Who wins?  Who loses?

Honestly, mobile search and advertising is big enough that surely both Facebook and Google will continue to do well.  Google’s decade-long head start in search and continuous innovation will pay dividends.  No matter how much Facebook continues to integrate in our lives, Graph Search won’t replace Google’s search engine any time soon.  In short, this is a great step for Facebook Inc (NASDAQ:FB), and while it may be a speed-bump for Google, I don’t expect it to have a serious impact on the company’s performance.

This is, however, one of the reasons that I am a fan of Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL). Their end-to-end control over both hardware design and the software interface, and the fact that their revenue is a direct result of product sales, eliminates the risk of a third party commandeering, say iOS, and capturing a revenue stream like advertising that the consumer never sees directly.  Frankly Apple doesn’t care who iPhone users use for search.

On the other hand, one could say that Google and Facebook Inc (NASDAQ:FB) both are “device agnostic,” and can earn revenue no matter what smartphone platform consumers prefer.  Both have their advantages, and are simply different businesses doing different things.