3 Things to Watch When BHP Billiton Limited (ADR) (BHP) Reports

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Global mining giant BHP Billiton Limited (ADR) (NYSE:BHP) reports earnings tomorrow, Feb. 20. With many of its mining peers having already reported, we have a sense of how things could play out. So far this earnings season, miners have been hit by huge writedowns and losses. Investors should watch to see if BHP Billiton is experiencing many of the same issues or if they’ve better insulated themselves from the effects of falling commodity costs and from paying too high a premium for acquisitions. Specifically, I’d watch to see how BHP answers the following three questions:

BHP Billiton Limited (ADR) (NYSE:BHP)Will there be a writedown?
I bet you didn’t know it, but writedowns are all the rage these days. Global, diversified mining peer Rio Tinto plc (ADR) (NYSE:RIO) unleashed a $14.4 billion writedown relating to botched acquisitions in aluminum and coal. That was more than enough to upstage metallurgical coal and iron ore producer, Cliffs Natural Resources Inc (NYSE:CLF) . For Cliffs, its writedown was centered around an iron ore acquisition and made $1.4 billion vanish.

Even gold and copper miner Barrick Gold Corporation (USA) (NYSE:ABX) booked a $3.8 billion impairment charge relating to its copper business. CEO Jamie Sokalsky put the industry’s woes into perspective when he said:

Rising costs, poor capital allocation and the pursuit of production growth at any cost in the industry have led to declining equity valuations across the sector. The message is clear: the industry must chart a new path forward. Barrick highlighted the need for change last year, and we are increasingly taking strong action and refocusing our business based on the principle that returns will drive production, production will not drive returns.

So, it wouldn’t be a stretch to assume a large writedown is looming at BHP. It already took a near $3 billion charge in August relating to its oil and gas business. The company could take another writedown there focused on its Petrohawk acquisition as well as in its aluminum and nickel businesses which are also experiencing difficult market conditions.

Will there be a loss?
If there is a writedown, will it be on a big enough scale to generate a loss? Not only that, but how much did commodity price volatility affect the company over the past year? That one-two punch hit both Rio Tinto and Cliffs Natural Resources, but it really knocked the wind out of investors in Cliffs. That company had to slash it’s dividend and dilute shareholders by raising equity. BHP has more global diversity, as well as an oil and gas business which should insulate it better than those peers. Still, a loss won’t sit well for investors, especially one driven by poor capital allocation decisions that make shareholder capital disappear. Poor management isn’t quite as easy to stomach as troubling macro conditions that affect the entire industry.

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