In late December of 2012, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc (NYSE:FCX) announced that it would make two blockbuster purchases of fellow raw materials exploration and extraction companies. The first was a $6.9 billion deal with hot oil-and-gas exploration newcomer Plains Exploration Corporation . The second was a long-anticipated transaction that would require it to repurchase all of the outstanding shares of its McMoRan Exploration Co (NYSE:MMR) subsidiary.
Although these twin deals have been subject to a number of twists and turns since their initial announcement, they have both come into sharper focus since December. It is now widely anticipated that the Plains deal will go through as currently planned. While the success of the current iteration of the McMoRan Exploration Co (NYSE:MMR) merger is not assured, it seems likely that the transaction will still close in one form or another. However, shareholder-initiated litigation and a potential conflict-of-interest tussle may require Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc (NYSE:FCX) to withdraw its current offer and float a higher buyout proposal for the company. Whereas the Plains deal could close as early as the end of the second quarter of 2013, the Exploration deal may have to wait a while longer.
About Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, Plains Exploration and (NYSE:PXP) McMoRan Exploration
Phoenix-based Freeport-McMoRan is a diversified exploration firm that actively seeks deposits of gold, silver, copper, molybdenum and other specialty metals around the world. The company has operations in the Americas, Africa, the Asia-Pacific region and certain other areas. Some of its most profitable deposits lie in sub-Saharan Africa and Indonesia. Although its proven reserves fluctuate from year to year, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc (NYSE:FCX) currently has at least 115 billion pounds of copper, 3.4 billion pounds of molybdenum, 32 million ounces of gold, and similarly enormous quantities of various other metals. The company earned about $3 billion on $18 billion in 2012 gross revenues and employs around 34,000 people.
Houston-based Plains Exploration seeks out and develops deposits of oil and natural gas in California, Colorado and the Gulf Coast area. It also maintains some lucrative offshore properties in the Gulf of Mexico. Plains has at least 440 million barrel-equivalents of oil on hand. In 2012, the company earned $306.4 million on $2.6 billion in gross revenues.
New Orleans-based McMoRan Exploration is an independent oil and gas producer that owns and operates onshore and offshore properties around the Gulf of Mexico region. With about 1,000 current leases and a strong grasp on cutting-edge horizontal drilling technologies, the company appears to be able to access many "borderline" deposits that may be too expensive for other companies to exploit. McMoRan Exploration Co (NYSE:MMR) lost $138.3 million on $376.9 million in gross 2012 revenues.
How the Deals Were Structured
Under the terms of the Plains deal, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc (NYSE:FCX) will issue cash payments of $25 per share to all Plains shareholders. In addition, it will issue 6.351 Freeport shares for every 10 shares of Plains that the company's shareholders own. At Freeport's current share price, this values Plains at about $46.60. Relative to Plains's current share price near $46.50, this offers a negligible premium.
As it currently stands, Freeport will pay current McMoRan Exploration Co (NYSE:MMR) shareholders $14 in cash for every share that they own. In addition, it will issue 1.15 units of a special trust that has been set up to capture at least 5 percent of Exploration's future receipts from its underwater drilling operations. Although this second portion of the transaction is a major wild card, most market-watchers value these offshore receipts at around $2 per unit. Accordingly, the deal values Exploration at roughly $16.30. Relative to its current share price of $16.33, this represents a negligible discount.