Big oil companies tend to be the go-to stock for most investors seeking to capitalize on rising oil prices. However, to find the biggest profits as an oil investor, you have to drill down past the obvious investments and look to invest in support services and refineries. One such power play is Valero Energy (NYSE:VLO).
Recently there has been a lot of insider activity over at Valero and many wonder how they should play the news. The smart money says it is time to go long on Valero.
Currently, Valero’s 16 refineries have a combined throughput capacity of approximately 3 million barrels (480,000 m3) per day. Valero’s refineries can produce conventional gasolines, distillates, jet fuel, asphalt, petrochemicals, lubricants, and other refined products. These same refineries also produce a plethora of “premium” products, including conventional and reformulated blendstock for oxygenate-blending gasoline that can meet the specifications of the California Air Resources Board as well as diesel fuel, and low-sulfur and ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel.
Valero’s 10 ethanol plants have a combined production capacity of 1.2 billion US gallons (4,500,000 m3) per year, and Valero is even branching out into alternative energy with a 50 megawatt wind farm.
On Oct. 1, 2011, it acquired the Meraux Refinery and related logistics assets from Murphy Oil. On Aug. 1, 2011, it acquired 100% interest of Chevron Corporation (NYSE:CVX) Limited from a subsidiary of Chevron Corporation (NYSE:CVX).
Chevron has experienced positive news recently, announcing its first new discovery off the Western Australian coast since 2009 by its Australian subsidiary. This announcement follows other drilling success in the Exmouth Plateau area, which is located in the Carnarvon Basin.
According to George Kirkland, Chevron’s vice chairman, “The Asia Pacific region is key to Chevron’s growth strategy and our strong Australia natural gas portfolio continues to be bolstered by our strategic approach to finding and developing resources that will help meet the growing energy needs in the region.”
The Truth About Big Oil
Big returns did not happen in Big Oil, they happened where Big Oil is spending its money; on oil-field service companies and petroleum refineries. The largest, the “Big Boys of Oil,” are Exxon Mobil Corporation (NYSE:XOM), Chevron, BP plc (ADR) (NYSE:BP), and Occidental Petroleum Corporation (OXY).
These companies spend billions, if not trillions, exploring the world and drawing the oil from the Earth. They tend to be the go-to stocks for many investors looking for a way to benefit as oil prices rise; and, granted, to a degree that makes sense. Exxon alone has more than 84 billion oil-equivalent barrels in reserve, so oil price increases mean that the oil Exxon produces generates massive leverage in its earnings. However, the reality is that Big Oil stocks are not as correlated to oil price movements as many investors assume.
Using a scale from 0.0 to 1.0 (as a scale of percentage), the correlation over the last decade between Exxon’s share price and oil prices is about .83. Exxon’s shares generally move about 0.83% for every 1% move in oil prices. Moreover, Big Oil tends to be much more stable than the price of oil when you consider the massive amount of movement that oil has on the futures market. As a result, Big Oil share prices rarely spike when oil prices do.
Exxon’s share price has been nearly as stable as oil prices over the last decade.
If we were to take the other Big Oil companies and graph their stock prices to oil prices we would see the same thing that we see with Exxon — a relatively stable stock price as compared to oil price.
However, what investors should be looking at is that this year, Exxon and all the other oil exploration and production companies combined will spend over $650 billion looking for and producing new oil reserves. That is an increase of over $400 billion from 2005 spending; based on the current growth trajectory, spending will exceed $1 trillion by 2016. That level of spending, in a single year, exceeds the gross national product of all but the 15 largest countries in the world.