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Google Inc (GOOG) Fiber: Not Coming to a Town Near You

People are excited about Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) Fiber. The search giant’s foray into gigabit fiber optic broadband service represents an important catalyst for the industry, while also embodying a potentially disruptive threat to incumbent cable companies that are intent on holding America captive through high prices and slow speeds.

The company has also picked up the pace. After the initial rollout in the Kansas City area, Big G subsequently announced expansion into Austin, Texas, and Provo, Utah. Those back-to-back announcements were encouraging signs that perhaps Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) had grand ambitions to expand Fiber’s reach.

Could Google potentially roll out Fiber nationwide and really put the heat on the cable companies? Don’t hold your breath.

Easier said than done
Market researcher IHS doesn’t think it’s feasible for Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) to deploy Fiber nationwide, even though the Austin and Provo announcements were so rapid. Google will always be a “minor player” in the U.S. broadband market, according to IHS. Rolling out on such a scale would simply be too expensive.

Google IncThe researcher estimates that the total population within all the currently planned cities is about 1.4 million, or about 0.4% of all U.S. households, which is fairly close to my initial estimates before Provo was announced (Provo has a relatively smaller population of an estimated 115,000). Even if Fiber were to dominate the markets that it’s available in, Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) would have only about 0.2% market share of all U.S. homes.

In comparison, Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ:CMCSA) has 18.3 million broadband subscribers, AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) has 16.4 million, Time Warner Cable Inc (NYSE:TWC) boasts 10.9 million, and Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ) enjoys 8.8 million subscribers.

Source: IHS (May 2013).

The broadband industry favors large incumbents, because of high infrastructure costs that inevitably result in an oligopoly market structure. AT&T and Verizon have shifted their focus away from the wired side, content to let Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ:CMCSA) and Time Warner Cable Inc (NYSE:TWC) divvy up the business, in order to focus on the high-growth wireless segment. Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) has very little chance of making a meaningful dent in these companies’ overall subscriber bases unless it’s willing to invest billions in infrastructure. IHS analyst Dexter Thillien doesn’t think Google will be willing to match how much AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) and Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ) have plunged into their own fiber networks over the years.