Did Vitamin Shoppe Inc (VSI)’s Stock Not Follow General Nutrition Guidelines?

More Americans take a nutritional supplement than drink coffee. While coffee is a favorite for 54% of Americans every day, 64% of Americans currently use a vitamin or supplement an average of 6 times per week – up from 60% in 2010. Additionally, organic food sales are predicted to hit $42 billion by 2014 within the US – up from $31.5 billion in 2011. With healthy lifestyles trending higher and the growing consumption of nutritional supplements within this country, Vitamin Shoppe Inc (NYSE:VSI) stock should be up this year – but it isn’t.

Missing the 2013 market train

Vitamin Shoppe Inc (NYSE:VSI) now has 622 stores with a focus primarily in America and Canada. The supplement retailer has been growing for nearly two decades with positive comparable store sales for 19 consecutive years. This past quarter saw company high revenues of $279 million for a 28% increase year-over-year as net income hit $18.3 million. Looking at the company’s profit margin trends, it has been rising from 1.29% five years ago to 7.45% this past quarter.

With so much positive news, why is Vitamin Shoppe Inc (NYSE:VSI) down nearly 20% year-to-date? Did Vitamin Shoppe’s stock not follow general nutrition guidelines this year?

In short, expectations were far too high after the company continually crushed estimates the past couple of years. It started the year off by missing revenue expectations for the fourth quarter 2012, causing shares to fall 19% in February. The decline was magnified by a drop during holiday season going from $239 million in the third quarter of 2012 to $219 million in the fourth quarter. Its first quarter results caused the stock to fall another 10%.

Reading between the lines

Analyzing Vitamin Shoppe Inc (NYSE:VSI) over the past few years, one can see that the company is not slowing down at all as it expands through the country and possibly globally in the near future. EPS for 2012 was $2.02 compared to just $0.28 in 2009, while net income went up from $13 million to $61 million.

The company has been making key acquisitions like Super Supplements in February earlier this year for $50 million in cash. Its growing brand selection as well as its own proprietary company brands like BodyTech have generated a solid following within the cost-conscious fitness community. To better understand Vitamin Shoppe Inc (NYSE:VSI), it would be better to compare it to GNC Holdings Inc (NYSE:GNC).

Vitamin Shoppe GNC
Market Cap $1.5 billion $4.6 billion
Locations 622 stores 8200+ stores
Revenue 1st Quarter 2013 $279 million $665 million
Online Sales 1st Quarter 2013 $30.7 million $31.7 million
Net Income 1st Quarter 2013 $18.3 million $72.6 million

Looking at the table above, one can see that GNC Holdings Inc (NYSE:GNC) has over 13 times the number of locations, but only produced revenue just over twice that of Vitamin Shoppe in their most recent quarters. Using this information, Vitamin Shoppe appears to be operating a much more efficient business model by making more money on average at each location than GNC.

Additionally, the fact that its online sales nearly match that of GNC, Vitamin Shoppe looks to be a formidable David in a battle against Goliath. GNC, however, is holding its own with four consecutive years of 25%+ revenue growth and a 24% increase in Gold Card memberships.

Another way to play healthy trends

Trader Joe’s is a popular stop for fitness enthusiasts, but it is a private company. The next best thing is Whole Foods Market, Inc. (NASDAQ:WFM), which is the largest retailer of natural and organic foods with 348 stores and counting. It has been growing steadily for several years and recently moved into the Detroit area this past June despite the city recently filing for bankruptcy. Moves like these demonstrate that Whole Foods Market, Inc. (NASDAQ:WFM) is willing to take chances and capture markets that its competitors would rather ignore.