Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE:CAT) has been trying to dominate the huge Chinese construction and mining equipment market. Acquisitions seemed to be a good strategy, and in June 2012 Caterpillar bought ERA Mining Machinery, a Chinese equipment maker for underground coal mine, for $886 million. However, in the fourth quarter of 2012 the company had to record a goodwill impairment charge of as much as $580 million, nearly 65.6% of the total purchase price, from the value of ERA. This goodwill charge has made CAT’s fourth quarter profits plunge by 55%. Should investors be scared of the declining profits in Caterpillar? Or is the company still a good long-term stock to hold?
Sluggish Fourth Quarter
In the fourth quarter 2012, Caterpillar generated $16 billion in revenue, 7% lower than the revenue of $17.24 billion in the fourth quarter last year. The earnings came in at nearly $700 million, a 55% decrease from $1.55 billion in profit last year. EPS was $1.04 per share in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to the EPS of $2.32 in Q4 2011. The significant decline in profits was due to a write-off of $580 million, or $0.87 per share. In addition, the sluggish fourth quarter profit was also affected by lower production and a $2 billion decrease in inventory.
Overpaid at the Peak of the Boom
Dated back to the end of 2011, Caterpillar announced its intention to buy ERA Mining Machinery for $886 million. ERA was the third biggest provider of hydraulic roof supports for underground coal mines in China. At that time, ERA seemed to be a fast growing company. In 2007, the profit before tax was only $1.9 million, but it had grown more than 1000% $20.7 million in 2009. The boom in the construction machinery market had fueled ERA’s significant top line growth. The revenue increased from $2 million in 2008 to $251 million in 2011.
Caterpillar seemed to overpay for ERA, with an $886 million price tag valued ERA at more than 3.5x P/S. In addition, Caterpillar acquired ERA at the peak of the Chinese construction machinery market. Many analysts commented because of the slowdown in construction activities the construction machinery market had experienced a significant decline since the end of 2011. Indeed, several months after the offer, ERA reported a full-year loss of nearly $1.3 million, due to higher steel prices and increased financing costs.
Caterpillar said that it had unveiled a “deliberate, multi-year, coordinated misconduct” in Siwei, ERA’s main subsidiary. The company noticed the discrepancies between the inventory in the books and the actual inventory of Siwei. The discrepancies were found out when a physical inventory count was conducted at Siwei as part of the company’s integration process. So it seemed that Caterpillar simply relied on the audited financial statements for the acquisition. The company said: “We believe our process is rigorous and robust and includes Caterpillar personnel and outside accounting, legal and financial advisors. It is important to understand that Siwei was a publicly traded company with audited financial statements.” Despite the accounting fraud in Siwei, Caterpillar remained confident about its strategy to expand in the fast growing Chinese equipment industry with Siwei roof support products.