Can Microsoft Corporation (MSFT)’s Xbox Music Beat Pandora Media Inc (P) and Apple Inc. (AAPL) iTunes?

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Over the weekend, Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT) launched iOS and Android apps for its Xbox Music streaming service, and it added free unlimited streaming for Web users to boot.

Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT) hopes users will stream, discover, and download music from its service, but with Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) and Pandora Media Inc (NYSE:P) already dominating downloads and streaming, the Windows maker may be out of its league.

Xbox Music. Source: Microsoft.

Battling Pandora’s growth

Pandora Media Inc (NYSE:P) is one of the world’s leading Internet radio services, boasting 1.35 billion hours of listening just last month. That’s right — more than 1 billion hours streamed in just one month. That figure is up about 16% from the same time last year.

And it’s not just listening hours. Active Pandora Media Inc (NYSE:P) listeners totaled 72.1 million last month, up 28% year over year, and its share of U.S. radio listening increased to 7.46% from 6.3% year over year.

In blog post, the Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT) said it created Xbox Music a year ago to provide “an all-in-one music service that gives you the independence to stream music for free, subscribe to all the music you want, or download to own your favorite songs. And it’s all integrated across your tablet, PC, phone, and TV.”

Why is this ambition bad for Microsoft? The company simply doesn’t have enough mobile mindshare to woo users to its streaming service.

Streaming against the tide

Windows tablets made up just 4.5% of all tablet market share in the second quarter of 2013, and Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT)’s own Surface tablets accounted for only 15% of that figure. Meanwhile, the Windows Phone OS holds 3.7% of smartphone OS market share. With Microsoft’s low mobile OS penetration, it’s going to be difficult to convince mobile users that they should look to Xbox Music for all their mobile music needs.

If that weren’t enough, Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) will officially launch its iTunes Radio service with the new iOS 7 tomorrow. The new service will bring Apple squarely into music streaming, which adds to its already dominant position in downloadable music. Although Apple changed the digital music world with iTunes and the iPod about a decade ago, the company is nowhere near a sure bet in the streaming space, when pitted against Pandora Media Inc (NYSE:P) and Spotify. Consequently, Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT) can expect an even harder time.

iTunes Radio. Source: Apple.

Microsoft is trying to capitalize on the Xbox reputation with Xbox Music, and with good reason. Xbox has been a shining star in the dim universe of Microsoft’s product releases as of late. But despite the company’s push into mobile music streaming, investors should be realistic about Microsoft’s potential in the market. Taking on Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL), Pandora Media Inc (NYSE:P) and Spotify clearly won’t be an easy task, and it doesn’t help that consumers fail to see Microsoft as a top mobile contender.

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