Morningstar’s mutual fund manager of the decade, Bruce Berkowitz, has an incredible track record that makes his 13-F a must-read for all investors. His mutual fund, Fairholme Fund, has outperformed the S&P 500 by an average of 10.4% per year since 2000, losing to the index in only two of the last 13 years.
Berkowitz is extremely concentrated by mutual fund standards, often holding no more than 15 to 20 stocks in his portfolio. He is best known for investing in complicated financial-services firms, like American International Group Inc (NYSE:AIG) and Bank of America Corp (NYSE: BAC), shortly after the financial crisis and before sentiment turned positive on the names. But Berkowitz has also had success owning less-complicated companies like St. Joe and Chesapeake Energy.
Fairholme’s 13-F for the period ending June 30 was recently released, and revealed the acclaimed investor’s favorite holdings: American International Group Inc (NYSE:AIG), Bank of America Corp (NYSE: BAC), and Sears Holdings Corporation (NASDAQ:SHLD). After a huge run-up in price since he initiated a position, AIG has become a 50% position in the fund. Bank of America and Sears represent 17% and 11% positions, respectively.
Berkowitz initiated his position in American International Group Inc (NYSE:AIG) in 2010 when it traded for less than half of tangible book. His thesis was simple: American International Group Inc (NYSE:AIG) could produce a sustainable 10% return on equity, meaning investors who buy at half of book would receive a 20% annual return on investment. Berkowitz made his investment well after the financial crisis had subsided and its fundamentals had already improved, despite its price having remained stagnant.
American International Group Inc (NYSE:AIG)’s stock price has doubled since 2010, leaving many investors concerned that the stock has reached its fair value. However, the stock still trades at just 0.7 times book value; if it can consistently generate a 10% return on equity, investors will receive a 14% annual return on investment (10% divided by 0.7).
It seems likely that the company will be able to achieve Berkowitz’s target. For one, it reported a 9.7% return on equity in 2010 and a 17% return on equity in 2011. In addition, the company has trimmed its less profitable businesses so that it can focus on a core group of insurance lines; this also has the handy effect of making the company less complicated to manage, meaning C-level executives can keep a better eye on company-wide risk.
The de-risking of the company and its still-low multiple of book are probably the reasons why Berkowitz continues to hold the stock as a 50% position.
Most hated bank in America
Besides AIG, Berkowitz’s other big bet on financials comes in the form of Bank of America Corp (NYSE: BAC). His thesis for the controversial bank is similar to that for AIG: the stock traded at less than one-third of book value, its core businesses were capable of a 10% return on equity, and the bank is too big to be allowed to fail.
Unlike AIG, however, Bank of America Corp (NYSE: BAC) has not yet generated a company-wide 10% return on equity since the financial crisis. The stock now trades at 0.7 times book value — the same as AIG — and offers a 14% annual return on investment if Berkowitz is right.
But the bank is appealing not only because of its price-to-book ratio, but also because it has sold-off several non-core businesses to raise cash for a more secure balance sheet. In addition, CEO Brian Moynihan’s cost-cutting programs have helped raise return on assets from 0.1% in 2011 to 0.8% in its most recent quarter. At a 1% return on assets, the bank can generate a 10% return on equity.