Alaskan Telecoms Pool Resources to Fight Verizon Communications Inc. (VZ) and AT&T Inc. (T)

AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) entered the small Alaskan telecom marketplace in 2007 when it bought Dobson Communications. Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ) shoved its foot in that door when it purchased spectrum licenses in 2010, and just last month it turned on its 4G LTE network.

But to say the Alaskan market for wireless services is small would be an understatement. It is minuscule. The state has only around 723,000 residents, and more than half of them, 393,000, live in and around Anchorage.

For what that means to a telecom operating in the 49th state, read what Alaska Communications Systems Group Inc (NASDAQ:ALSK) CEO Anand Vadapalli touted during his company’s second quarter 2012 earnings conference call after it got the iPhone:

“Our net subscriber adds of about 2,900 was the highest subscriber growth we’ve had in four years.”

For comparison, Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ) added 1.2 million and AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) 1.3 million net subscribers during that same period.

Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ)The indigenous Alaskan telecoms, such as Alaska Communications Systems Group Inc (NASDAQ:ALSK), had, of course, been dreading the entrance of the mainland duopoly into their turf, and the two largest of those — before the entrance of AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) and Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ) — have finally closed on an agreement that they hope will help them survive.

Alaska Communications Systems Group Inc (NASDAQ:ALSK) and General Communication, Inc. (NASDAQ:GNCMA), or GCI, today signed the network sharing agreement they proposed last summer.

That deal has both companies pooling their wireless infrastructure, their spectrum licenses, and whatever wireless assets they have, to design, build, and operate the statewide 4G LTE wireless network they’re calling the Alaskan Wireless Network, or AWN.

“The wireless business is capital intensive, requires scale to compete successfully against national carriers, and demands more spectrum than either of our two companies individually owns,” said Alaska Communications Systems Group Inc (NASDAQ:ALSK) CEO Vadapalli and GCI CEO Ron Duncan.

“By combining our respective wireless assets, we can provide a state-of-the-art Alaska wireless network owned and operated by Alaskans for Alaskans. We believe that The Alaska Wireless Network will … [allow] us to compete more effectively in the retail market.”