If you mention the name JPMorgan Chase & Co. (NYSE:JPM) and ask what keeps investors up at night, you’ll likely hear something about potential trading losses. This makes sense because of the very public problems the bank had with this business before. However, there are two more obvious problems that are staring investors right in the face. These two problems have the potential to not only hurt J.P. Morgan’s balance sheet, but also could put a damper on future earnings growth.
Customers Are Not Fleeing As We Have Been Led To Believe
Though banks like J.P. Morgan are involved in other businesses, two of their core businesses are attracting deposits and making loans. Having worked in a bank for many years, I can tell you first hand that most banks would list deposit gathering and lending as two of their top priorities. What is really interesting is, how quickly some of the largest banks have turned around in these two areas.
If you look at a cross section of the largest banks that J.P. Morgan competes with, you can see that most are actually doing pretty well attracting deposits. J.P. Morgan itself saw consumer and business average deposits increase 10% on a year-over-year basis. Competitors like Wells Fargo & Company (NYSE:WFC), Bank of America Corp (NYSE:BAC), and Citigroup Inc. (NYSE:C) saw similar deposit growth. In fact, Bank of America actually saw the strongest deposit growth of the group with average deposits up 11%. This performance was followed by Wells Fargo with deposits up 7.39%, followed closely by Citigroup with deposits up 7%. This shows that not only are customers not fleeing, but they are actually giving these banks a cheap source of funds with which to grow in the future.
Here Are The 2 Problems
Unfortunately, the same positive trend is not occurring on the lending side of the balance sheet. In fact, in the current quarter, only two of these four banks showed loan growth. In this area, Citigroup was surprisingly the strongest performer with loans up 7% year-over-year. Wells Fargo managed average loan growth of just 2.42%.
By comparison, Bank of America struggled with consistency. The bank did report first lien production increased 6%, and Global Wealth loans were up 6.2%, but consumer real estate loans were down 16.31%. J.P. Morgan reported that overall loans were down 5%.
The challenge this creates is, J.P. Morgan is attracting new deposits, which in theory provide a cheap source of funding for new loans. However, if the bank isn’t able to grow its portfolio, they are forced to invest these deposits into lower yielding products. Instead of making a home equity loan at say 5%, the bank instead has to accept investment options like short-term bonds paying next to nothing. In the short-term this can put pressure on the bank’s net interest margin, and make earnings growth harder to come by.
An even bigger issue for J.P. Morgan is, their credit quality is slipping. Though many banks have seen their non-performing loan percentage decrease over the last year or so, J.P. Morgan’s percentage has actually increased. Just for point of comparison, Bank of America’s non-performing loans were 2.62%, Citigroup came in at 1.93%, and Wells Fargo reported 2.56%. J.P. Morgan on the other hand, had the highest percentage at 3.12%, but that’s just the tip of the iceberg.