That’s a lot, but I don’t think Visa Inc (NYSE:V) will be spending too much time down in the dumps. It should make a brilliant comeback once this disquieting bit of news is digested by investors — and here’s why.
The real issue behind the ruling
When the Dodd-Frank law took a look at debit card interchange fees back in 2011, the charge imposed each time a customer swiped his card was around $0.44. Since then, the fee has been capped at $0.21 per transaction, but retailers sued, claiming the original cap envisioned by Congress was much lower. In fact, the initial cap proposed by the Federal Reserve — the target of the lawsuit — was $0.12, but was increased when banks pressured the Fed to bump it up.
Though you might expect retailers to experience some savings from the new, albeit higher-than-expected cap, the group claims that their costs have actually increased. For stores that process small purchases, for example, the days of negotiating tiny swipe fees for minuscule purchases are now in the past, thanks to the fee-cap law — which retailers claim unfairly inflates each debit card transaction.
Who benefits from swipe fees?
But in reality, it’s not companies like Visa Inc (NYSE:V) and Mastercard Inc (NYSE:MA) that make the lion’s share of the profit from interchange fees. Banks pay the card companies to use their system, but the card issuers set the fees. They also collect them, forwarding the money to the card-issuing banks.
This is not a surprise, since it was intense lobbying by banks that prompted the Fed to raise the cap by $0.09 in the first place. Banks like Bank of America Corp (NYSE:BAC), Citigroup Inc (NYSE:C), and JPMorgan Chase & Co. (NYSE:JPM) are some of the biggest card-issuing banks, and the industry claims that reducing the cap will impact their interchange fee revenue by 45%. Analysts interviewed by Forbes estimate that Citigroup Inc (NYSE:C) and JPMorgan Chase & Co. (NYSE:JPM) won’t feel the pinch very much, but Bank of America Corp (NYSE:BAC) could see its core earnings per share dented by as much as 3.6% if the cap is lowered to 12%.