Discount retailer Dollar General Corp. (NYSE:DG) has been resilient over the past five years. Since going public near the end of the Great Recession in 2009, its stock has risen 140% from its IPO price of $21. The company, along with its industry peers Dollar Tree, Inc. (NASDAQ:DLTR) and Family Dollar Stores, Inc. (NYSE:FDO), have grown their top and bottom lines much more impressively than their superstore rivals Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (NYSE:WMT) and Target Corporation (NYSE:TGT).
For its fourth quarter, Goodlettsville, TN-based Dollar General Corp. (NYSE:DG) earned $0.97 per share, or $317.4 million, up from the $0.85 per share, or $292.5 million, it reported in the prior year quarter. Revenue rose 0.5% to $4.21 billion.
Thomson Reuters analysts had forecast earnings of $0.90 per share on revenue of $4.26 billion. Although sales came in lighter than expected, Dollar General’s robust profit growth was enough to spur shares to rally nearly 6% during intraday trading after the company reported earnings on March 25.
Dollar General attributed its strong fourth quarter to strong demand for packaged food, cigarettes, and other products, even as worries regarding the payroll tax hike and tax refund delays undermined investor confidence in the retail sector. Even discount superstore Wal-Mart, once considered a recession-proof business, was taken down a notch after it reported lackluster earnings last month.
Dollar General Corp. (NYSE:DG) offers approximately 25% of its items at $1 or less, and charges less than $25 for most of its products.
During the quarter, the company reported stronger sales of soft drinks, snacks and frozen food. Demand for healthcare items also rose as a result of the flu season. Consumables such as food and medicine traditionally comprise more than 70% of Dollar General’s total sales.
Sales of consumables rose 1.8% to $3.04 billion, while seasonal products slid 2.7% to $639.6 million. Home products sales slid 3.2% to $288.7 million, while apparel sales also dropped 1.9% to $236.8 million.
In other words, Dollar General is posting strength where it matters the most, but reporting losses in other areas more impacted by macro economic woes. Its losses in other departments were caused by steeper discounts implemented to remain competitive with superstores such as Wal-Mart during the holiday season. Despite these discounts, the gross margin rose 30 basis points to 32.5%.
Dollar General Corp. (NYSE:DG) added more coolers to stock refrigerated and frozen goods, and started to sell tobacco products during the quarter.
Borrowing from the playbook of large grocers such as The Kroger Co. (NYSE:KR) and Safeway Inc. (NYSE:SWY), Dollar General is offering more of its own higher-margin private label products, which are sold at lower prices to consumers. The company has also increased the amount of branded goods, such as H.J. Heinz Company (NYSE:HNZ) ketchup and Tide detergent, it sells, in a bid to rival the selection of larger superstores.
Sales of tobacco products, which have started at select locations, also surged 33% higher than Dollar General Corp. (NYSE:DG)‘s own estimate. Strong demand for tobacco has helped grow revenue at the expense of margins, since tobacco products sell at lower margins. Sales of beer and wine also rose. The company considers this an area of potential growth, since 60% of its stores are located in areas where beer and wine sales are permitted, but only 40% of the locations have alcohol sales licenses.
Both store traffic and the average cost per transaction rose. Same-store sales rose 3.0%, easily topping the 1% that Wal-Mart reported in the fourth quarter, but missed the 3.6% analysts had been expecting.