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2 Top Legal Battles in Technology: Apple Inc. (AAPL), Google Inc (GOOG)

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Currently there are legal battles under way involving two of the largest names in technology. Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) got some bad news this week when the judge hearing the case brought by hedge fund star David Einhorn said the suit may succeed. On the slightly more esoteric, but arguably far more expensive, end of the spectrum, new privacy regulations have the potential to cost Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) up to $1 billion in fines. While neither legal dispute has concluded, shareholders and potential shareholders will do well to follow each of these stories.

Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)Einhorn’s mad for Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)‘s cash
In case you somehow missed it, Einhorn’s Greenlight Capital recently filed suit against Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) in an effort to block the Feb. 27 shareholder vote that would potentially prevent the company from issuing preferred shares without shareholder approval. The suit is based on a securities law that prohibits bundling of different issues into a single proxy vote, which Apple did. Einhorn’s motivation is to induce the company to return a larger portion of the $137 billion of cash it holds to investors.

U.S. District Judge Richard Sullivan made indications earlier this week that the hedge fund has a colorable claim: “Candidly I do think the likelihood of success is in favor for Greenlight.” The remaining issue is for the judge to determine if the case involves the potential for “irreparable harm” to the plaintiff. If so, the shareholder vote scheduled for the end of this month will likely be stopped. While Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) continues to contend that it has not done anything wrong, the leanings of the judge do not bode well.

The absurdity of the entire exercise is that even if the case is successful, Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) will have the ability and the right to “unbundle” the various elements of Proposal 2 for a straight vote. There does not seem to be any clear sense that the majority of shareholders oppose the idea of the company being required to get approval before issuing preferred shares. While Einhorn contends that this requirement makes it unnecessarily hard for Apple to issue preferred shares, which he wants to see happen, even the ability to issue preferred shares does not mean it will happen.

Ultimately, the public perception loss on the matter, even if it has little practical impact, is the largest negative for the company. While I would not sell to avoid fallout, it would be reasonable to wait until the decision is rendered to buy new shares. The long-term prospects for Apple remain solid, but this is one more snafu it could have done without.

EU gives Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) serious side-eye
Recently, the European Union commissioner for justice Vivian Reding said that new rules are being formulated that would give the power to fine U.S. companies across the entire EU to a single point of contact: “The one-stop-shop regulator could threaten a company which does not obey the rules with a fine of up to two percent of global turnover.” In Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG)’s case, that fine could amount to as much as $1 billion for violations of the EU policies. Reding explained that Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) has been warned to change its policies, but that the complex, cross-border nature of the claims makes punishment difficult.

When this new structure goes into effect, this impediment will be eliminated and the fines could become stiff. The central issue at dispute is the practice by Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) to aggregate user data across all of its services. Regulators claim this violates users’ privacy, largely because European regulations require users to specifically opt into all data collection activities. Google maintains it is not in violation of any laws.

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