Although it had been expected for some time, the recent announcement that New York-based REIT Newcastle Investment Corp. (NYSE:NCT) had completed its spin-off of New Residential Investment Corp (NYSE:NRZ) was greeted with enthusiasm by investors who had followed the spin-off process.
Although Newcastle Investment Corp. (NYSE:NCT)’s stock did take a significant tumble on the trading day that followed the transaction’s formal completion, this should not be taken to indicate a longer-term direction in the firm’s stock price. After all, the firm’s stock had risen by nearly 50 percent over the past four months. Meanwhile, New Residential Investment Corp (NYSE:NRZ) has traded in a relatively narrow range since the transaction. Investors who wish to profit from New Residential’s potential or take a closer look at Newcastle would do well to compare the two companies to other names in the increasingly competitive real estate investment space.
Newcastle Investment Corp. (NYSE:NCT) and New Residential Investment Corp (NYSE:NRZ) operate in an exceedingly competitive industry and face stiff challenges from some of the most formidable names in the investment world. One of the firms’ principal competitors is New York-based Annaly Capital Management, Inc. (NYSE:NLY), a large REIT that deals in mortgage-backed securities and other real estate investments.
Annaly Capital Management, Inc. (NYSE:NLY) is much larger than Newcastle Investment Corp. (NYSE:NCT) or New Residential. Its market capitalization exceeds that of Newcastle by a factor of about 10 and dwarfs that of New Residential by a factor of at least 15. Meanwhile, Annaly’s profit margin of about 80 percent is roughly in line with Newcastle’s buffer of 81 percent. In 2012, the larger firm earned nearly $1.7 billion on receipts of just over $2.1 billion. Newcastle’s earnings came to $393 million on about $487 million in revenues. However, these impressive takes were overshadowed by New Residential Investment Corp (NYSE:NRZ)’s eye-popping margin of 98 percent on earnings of $41 million and total revenues of $42 million.
Meanwhile, all three of these firms carry great deals of debt on their books. Annaly Capital Management, Inc. (NYSE:NLY)’s debt load of around $110 billion exceeds its cash hoard by a factor of 11, and Newcastle Investment Corp. (NYSE:NCT) has a debt ratio of six-to-one. For its part, New Residential Investment Corp (NYSE:NRZ) has almost no cash on its books and about $150 million in long-term obligations. However, this seemingly worrisome figure could change with time.
Similar Structures, Different Aims
Like many REITs, Newcastle Investment Corp. (NYSE:NCT) maintains a diverse portfolio of residential and commercial assets, including mortgage-backed securities and other financial products derived from physical assets. It also manages a basket of residential mortgages, commercial loans and mortgage-servicing rights. Finally, the trust’s physical assets include a significant portfolio of senior-living facilities. This lucrative group of core assets has supported Newcastle’s revenues and payouts in recent years and stands as a principal motivator for investors.
On the other hand, New Residential Investment Corp (NYSE:NRZ) does not hold many physical real estate assets. Instead, it operates a diverse basket of mortgage-backed securities, servicing rights and mortgage loans. Instead of initiating these loans on its own, New Residential usually purchases them in tranches from banks and other loan originators. It should be noted that both firms are structured as REITs for tax purposes.
Relative Strength and Industry Outlook
Although the housing market has shown tremendous signs of improvement in recent months, the recovery remains shaky and unevenly distributed. REITs that focus primarily on non-physical assets like servicing rights and mortgage-backed securities continue to struggle to gain traction.