Maintaining the Apple Inc. (AAPL) Ecosystem

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Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) is rumored to be starting a trade in policy. With more companies building “ecosystems,” Apple has no choice but to step up its game.

Buy an iPod/switch to Apple

When Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) introduced the iPod, it wasn’t the first to market with a digital music player. It was, however, the first to gain widespread acceptance. While the iPad worked with more than just Apple personal computers, it led many customers to reconsider Apple as an alternative to their Windows-based PCs.

Apple Inc. (AAPL)

People started to switch sides and Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)’s sales took off at an astounding clip. In 2003, the company’s sales were $6 billion. By 2012, sales had ballooned to $156 billion. Along the way, the company introduced the iPhone and the iPad that made switching into the Apple ecosystem all the more enticing. While these devices are the big business now, the PC business has been a notable beneficiary.

Since there were few competitors with such integrated product offerings, Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)’s ecosystem, which includes iTunes, was an easy sell. Over the last few years, however, more companies have built out their own ecosystems.

An Android world

Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) and its Android operating system is the first player to really take on Apple with any success. The company’s mobile operating system is pretty much free for any company to use, which has meant an explosion in the number of devices using Android.

Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG)’s Android works well with Google’s other services, such as the Chrome web browser. Advertising is an important component of Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG)’s top line. The more people it can get into its ad network, the more money it makes. So, the more companies selling phones and devices with Android the better.

Getting people onto Android is increasingly important for Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG), too, because it doesn’t have the same advertising dominance in mobile as it has online. That’s been pressuring margins over the last couple of years. With the stock priced for perfection, shrinking margins are a problem.

If the bottom line starts to stall, the shares could come crashing down quickly. More conservative investors should look elsewhere and shareholders should take some money off the table. That’s true even with the Android-driven ecosystem.

More than a book reader

Creating an ecosystem is the same logic behind, Inc. (NASDAQ:AMZN)‘s Kindle device. What started out as a simple e-book reader has quickly morphed into a relatively inexpensive tablet computer. While it isn’t as full-functioned as an iPad, it does more than enough to satisfy most customers.

Moreover, it gets people locked into, Inc. (NASDAQ:AMZN). Books, music, and video are all key products for Amazon and Kindle keeps customers coming back to the online retail giant. The shares, however, are also trading at all time highs even as growth spending pushed earnings into the red in 2012.

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