If you’re an investor who owns stocks, you know that risk management is a key component of building a portfolio. As stockholders, we are residual claimants, meaning owners of a company aren’t entitled to anything. Whereas bonds are a contractual relationship, and bondholders are the first on the capital structure to receive payment, stockholders are often left holding the bag if a company goes bust.
Therefore, it’s critical to tread carefully among the minefield of the thousands of publicly traded stocks out there. Even companies that look cheap on the surface can be traps, and as equity investors we need to understand which industries are in structural decline. One such industry that I believe investors should avoid at all costs is the for-profit education industry.
Failing grades across the board
On June 26, the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 150 points and the S&P climbed nearly 1 percent. Many of the for-profit education stocks, however, were deeply in the red—a disturbing signal during such an impressive, broad market rally.
For-profit education stocks such as Bridgepoint Education Inc (NYSE:BPI) and Strayer Education Inc (NASDAQ:STRA) dropped 0.5% and 3.3%, respectively. But this was nothing compared to the 10% drop in Apollo Investment Corp. (NASDAQ:AINV) after the owner of the University of Phoenix reported its third-quarter earnings results.
Apollo said its third-quarter profit fell a whopping 40% from the prior year on a 16% drop in revenue year over year.
Moreover, the company’s current year outlook came in below Wall Street expectations. Apollo Investment Corp. (NASDAQ:AINV) was expecting revenue to come in between $3.65 billion to $3.7 billion, falling short of analyst projections.
The big picture: an industry in decline
Apollo’s results are just one example of the bigger crisis affecting for-profit education, which is collapsing enrollments. Apollo Investment Corp. (NASDAQ:AINV)’s University of Phoenix saw total enrollment fall 17%, and new student sign-ups fell a massive 25%.
This stunning drop in enrollments is being felt throughout the entire industry.
In May, Strayer Education Inc (NASDAQ:STRA) released first-quarter results, which saw revenue and diluted earnings per share fall 8% and 24%, respectively. Furthermore, Strayer Education Inc (NASDAQ:STRA)’s total enrollment dropped 9% and its new student enrollments decreased 14%.
Ditto for Bridgepoint Education Inc (NYSE:BPI): the company’s own first-quarter revenue declined 11% year-over-year, and diluted earnings per share collapsed 27% from the first quarter of 2012.
Again, enrollments were the main cause of the company’s deteriorating financial performance. Total student enrollment at Bridepoint’s academic institutions dropped 17% from the first quarter last year.
Cheap only on the surface
Proponents of investing in the for-profit education sector likely point to the cheap valuations on these stocks. It’s true that many of them trade for low multiples of trailing earnings and cash flow. For example, Strayer Education Inc (NASDAQ:STRA) trades at 9 times trailing earnings. Apollo Investment Corp. (NASDAQ:AINV) and Bridgepoint Education Inc (NYSE:BPI), meanwhile, change hands for just 5 times trailing EPS.