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Research In Motion Ltd (BBRY): It’s the Q10, Stupid

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As my colleague Steve Symington recently pointed out, Research In Motion Ltd (NASDAQ:BBRY) has already begun to cut the price of its Z10 touchscreen smartphone at AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) and Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ), just a few months after its U.S. launch. The Z10 price has dropped from $199, to $99, at both carriers, and it can even be found for less at some other retailers. Research In Motion Ltd (NASDAQ:BBRY) has portrayed these price cuts as a normal part of the device life cycle, but they are a pretty clear indication that Z10 demand is weak.

BlackBerry’s Z10 seems to be selling poorly (photo courtesy of BlackBerry)

However, that shouldn’t be too much of a surprise. The Z10 is targeted at winning over current iPhone and Android users, and that’s clearly a tough sell because of Research In Motion Ltd (NASDAQ:BBRY)’s limited app availability, among other things. The iPhone 5 and top-of-the-line Android devices sell for $199 (the Z10’s original price) with a two-year contract, and both ecosystems offer very good phones at lower price points.

Research in Motion Ltd. (BBRY)Thus, not only was the Z10 priced equivalently to the top iOS and Android phones, it was also more expensive than the iPhone 4S and a variety of second tier Android phones. While some early adopters (and returning BlackBerry users) liked the Z10’s features enough to pay full price despite the app limitations, the Z10 does not have enough differentiation from competitors to sell in high volume.

By contrast, the Q10 phone — which has a physical keyboard unlike most phones on the market today — can appeal to a niche of loyal BlackBerry users. Despite Research In Motion Ltd (NASDAQ:BBRY)’s terrible results last quarter and the recent Z10 price cuts, it’s too early to count BlackBerry out. The Q10 was BlackBerry’s biggest hope for a 2013 rebound all along, and that device still appears to be meeting expectations.

The Q10’s promise
There are good reasons for investors to believe that Q10 demand will far outstrip Z10 demand over the long term. While most smartphone users are now accustomed to touchscreens, the Q10 marries a 3.1″ touchscreen to a physical keyboard. For users who use a smartphone primarily for email, the physical keyboard is a big plus; indeed, this is Research In Motion Ltd (NASDAQ:BBRY)’s built-in market.

The BlackBerry Q10 (photo courtesy of BlackBerry)

Earlier this week, I spoke to a Verizon Communications Inc. (NYSE:VZ) sales rep about the relative merits of Apple’s iPhone 5 and the Q10. She recommended the iPhone over the Q10 because of its better app selection, but also said that the Q10 was a big improvement over previous BlackBerry phones in terms of speed and usability. Ultimately, while the representative clearly preferred the iPhone, she said that the Q10 was a good alternative if you care more about email and messaging than using apps.

The next six months are key
Q10 sales clearly did not have much of an impact in BlackBerry’s first quarter. Unfortunately, the company did not provide a breakdown between Z10 and Q10 sales, but Research In Motion Ltd (NASDAQ:BBRY) sold just 2.7 million BB10 smartphones overall. However, the Q10 was only available (in limited markets) for the last month of the quarter, and it did not reach the U.S. until after the quarter ended!

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