Merger of Office Depot Inc (ODP) Supply Retailers? – OfficeMax Inc (OMX)

How the Deal Is Structured

The terms of this $1 billion all-stock deal are relatively straightforward. On a yet-to-be-determined record date, all Office Max shareholders will receive 2.69 Office Depot Inc (NYSE:ODP) shares for every OfficeMax (NYSE:OMX) share that they own. Once this occurs, Office Max will cease to trade as an independent company.

Since it is comprised entirely of stock, the value of this deal is subject to fluctuation. At Office Depot's current share price of $4.10, the merger agreement values OfficeMax (NYSE:OMX) at approximately $11.03 per share. Unfortunately, this represents a 9.5 percent discount to Office Max's current share price of $12.10. It seems likely that Office Depot Inc (NYSE:ODP)'s shares have declined in value in anticipation of the combination. As such, they may be ripe for a short-term correction. Alternatively, Office Depot's share price might spike shortly after the deal's completion. Obviously, the market cannot allow this discount to persist for long.

Complications and Potential Legal Issues

Although Office Depot and OfficeMax (NYSE:OMX) are two of the largest office-supply companies that operate in the United States, it seems likely that the proposed deal will eventually pass regulatory muster. For starters, the combined company would still be significantly smaller than its principal direct rival.

In addition, Staples is unlikely to pose the largest single threat to the combined company. These days, many Americans shop for office furniture and supplies at big-box retailers like Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (NYSE:WMT), Amazon.com, Inc. (NASDAQ:AMZN) and Best Buy Co., Inc. (NYSE:BBY). In fact, Office Depot Inc (NYSE:ODP) and Office Max have struggled to match these larger companies' prices for years. Lately, they have been forced to offer margin-killing price matches that further erode their long-term competitiveness. In other words, this merger is born out of necessity.

Given the financial struggles that both OfficeMax (NYSE:OMX) and Office Depot have endured in recent years, it seems likely that the companies' shareholders and boards of directors will lend their support to this deal. As such, it will probably close without undergoing significant changes.

Long-Term Prospects and Outlook

Given that this deal is more or less essential to ensure the survival of both of these companies, shareholders cannot be choosy about its terms. However, there is reason to believe that this merger may actually place the company in an attractive position going forward. Staples's healthy dividend makes it far more attractive to long-term investors than either Office Max or Office Depot Inc (NYSE:ODP). If the combined company were able to offer even a modest dividend, its stock might see a short-term jump that rewards early investors.

Likewise, the post-combination stock appears likely to recover from its temporary price inversion. Investors who jump in soon after the deal's completion could be handsomely rewarded.

In sum, the merger between Office Depot Inc (NYSE:ODP) and OfficeMax (NYSE:OMX) holds out the potential of both short-term and long-term gains. While there is currently no arbitrage premium on the table, the deal's complexion could change in response to market movements. Regardless, the combined company should be well-positioned to weather future challenges.

The article Merger of Office Supply Retailers? originally appeared on Fool.com.

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