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Lockheed Martin Corporation (LMT): Textron Inc. (TXT)’s Cluster Bombs Are Anything But Ordinary

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On Tuesday, defense and aerospace conglomerate Textron Inc. (NYSE:TXT) won an enormous $640.8 million contract modification, which expanded upon an existing firm-fixed-price contract to supply 1,300 cluster bombs to the U.S. Air Force. As it stands, this formalizes a contract first announced in 2010, with at least some of those units to be used by the Royal Saudi Air Force.

As fellow Fool Rich Smith pointed out, this might seem troubling on the surface considering traditional cluster bombs are understandably frowned upon all around the world, thanks primarily to their generally wide-reaching, imprecise destructive effects that not only lead to greater-than-average civilian casualties but also tend to leave hard-to-find unexploded ordnance on the battlefield.

And I would know: Before I joined the Fool, I actually worked for a division of Textron Inc. (NYSE:TXT) Systems for nearly seven years after graduating from college. While our small software development office had no direct influence on Textron Inc. (NYSE:TXT) Defense Systems’ munitions programs, part of my work there involved trying to tackle the difficult task of remotely identifying such unexploded ordnance for cleanup purposes.

Why so expensive?
For those of you keeping track, Textron Inc. (NYSE:TXT)’s win dwarfs even the $308 million contract modification awarded to Lockheed Martin Corporation (NYSE:LMT) just last week for 244 hit-to-kill PAC-3 defense missiles or, as they’re more popularly known, “Patriot” interceptor missiles.

Considering the complicated software and aerial maneuvers Lockheed Martin Corporation (NYSE:LMT)’s Patriot missiles must undertake to complete their task of intercepting ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and hostile aircraft, their price at more than $1 million apiece isn’t all that hard to digest.

But as Rich also pointed out, simple arithmetic with the aforementioned Textron Inc. (NYSE:TXT) contract shows the price for its cluster bomb units also comes to a whopping $492,923 each.

Why so much?

Because these aren’t ordinary cluster bombs. To be specific, this deal involves Textron Inc. (NYSE:TXT)’s CBU-105 munitions, a high-altitude variant of the company’s CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon.

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Textron’s CBU-105 Sensor Fuzed Weapon, Image source: Textron

Here’s why Textron’s cluster bombs are different
So what makes the CBU-105 so special?

In contrast to the random spreading of smaller impact-detonated bomblets dropped by traditional cluster bombs, the CBU-105 actually performs its own series of spectacular aerial maneuvers to systematically seek out and destroy up to 40 targets over an area as large as 30 acres.

So how’s it work?

First, the bomb sheds its outer shell, sending out 10 spinning canisters (or BLU-108 submunitions, pictured below), each of which contains several hockey puck-sized munitions. Or, as Textron calls them, “skeets.”

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Textron’s BLU-108 submunition, Image source: Textron

Next, the canisters release the skeets, which themselves use fins to steer outward as each deploys its own parachute.

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