First Republic Bank (FRC): The Rising Star in the Banking Industry

Page 1 of 2

At the moment, banks may be one of the best opportunities for investors. During the post-crisis period, banks have delivered the worst worldwide shareholder returns out of all industries. Though many banks are back on track, their prices are still depressed due to shattered investor confidence. This undervaluation could provide investors with a great opportunity to earn a higher return as the banking sector revives.

Regulatory reforms

Banks are highly sensitive to regulatory risk, as new regulations can bring along material costs.

The Federal Reserve (Fed) has been reconsidering key capital adequacy requirements since the financial crisis hit the U.S. Weaknesses became obvious in the recession, leading many to file for bankruptcy. On July 2, Federal Reserve Board approved new regulatory reforms that help in enabling banks to maintain a strong capital base. This will better equip financial institutions to continue lending to creditworthy households and businesses even after absorbing unforeseen losses and during recessions.

My report focuses on analyzing the implications of these changes in key capital rules for banks. I applied a P/E stock screen and chose three undervalued banks: U.S. Bancorp (NYSE:USB), Citigroup Inc. (NYSE:C), First Republic Bank (NYSE:FRC) and one overvalued bank; Bank of America Corp (NYSE:BAC), for my analysis.

Change in capital requirements: is it a wake-up call for banks?

As a result of the revised regulatory framework, U.S. banks will now hold an increased amount of capital. Although many banks are in compliance with the new rules, the Fed anticipates that approximately 100 banks will have to raise $4.5 billion by FY19 to meet the set of laws.

Tier 1 Capital

The statute raised the bar of minimum ratio requirement of tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets from 4% to 6%.

Source: Company Financials, Form 10-K

All four banks are expected to remain unaffected by the new tier 1 capital requirements as they had sufficiently higher capital cushions. Citigroup Inc. (NYSE:C) and First Republic Bank (NYSE:FRC) have the highest buffer of tier 1 capital at 14.06% and 13.27%, respectively.

However, the total capital requirement against risk-weighted assets remains unchanged at 8%, as stated under the present Basel III framework.

Common equity tier 1

To be inline with the international Basel framework, the rule included a new fundamental minimum ratio of common equity tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets of 4.5%. Considering the quality aspect, common equity tier 1 capital is the most loss-absorbing form of capital. Thus, the higher it is, the more financially strong a bank is.

Though for now, all banks have a strong footing in this area, with Citigroup reporting the highest ratio at 12.67%. U.S. Bancorp (NYSE:USB) had the lowest ratio at 8.1%. Bancorp’s net interest margin declined to 3.58% in FY12 compared to 3.65% in FY11. If the trend continues, the capital level may fall below the minimum requirement. In that case, Bancorp should rebuild it through raising private capital in the market or reduce discretionary distributions of earnings — i.e., reduce dividend payments, share repurchases and staff bonus payments. The distribution constraints imposed on banks increase as the banks’ capital levels approach the minimum requirements.

Leverage ratio

The regulatory framework also incorporates a minimum leverage ratio of 4% for all banking institutions. Leverage in banking is the ratio of lending to equity. First Republic Bank (NYSE:FRC) had the highest leverage ratio reported in FY12 at 9.32%, followed by Bancorp at 9.2%.

Besides, the statute now also requires the reporting of new minimum supplementary leverage ratio that considers off-balance sheet risk exposures, specifically for large internationally active banks. During 2007-08, many banks were lending out more and more funds without raising any extra. They were able to escape the regulatory system by using off balance sheet vehicles. Thus, the new rules specifically focus on addressing this issue.

Page 1 of 2
Comments
Insider Monkey Small Cap Strategy
Insider Monkey Small Cap Strategy

Insider Monkey beat the market by 52 percentage points in 24 months. Our beta is only 1.2 (don't click this link if beating the market isn't important to you).

Lists

The Best B-Boy Movies

Most Awesome Hip Hop Documentaries

Foods That Stain Your Teeth

Richest Doctors in the World

The Best Movie Sountracks Ever

The Highest Grossing Musicals on Broadway

The Most Successful Reality TV Stars

Cheapest Cities to Visit in the US

Most Expensive Summer Camps

Most Expensive Animals in the World

Most Expensive Specialty Crops in the World

Movies That Took Ages to Make

The Longest Hollywood Films Ever Made

Most Expensive Concert Stages

The Richest Bands of all Time

10 Most Corrupt Countries 2013 List

10 Countries with the Highest Quality of Life Index

Most Expensive Mattresses in the World

5 Smallest Countries by Land Area

The Ultimate Heartbreak Songs

Richest Teenagers in the World

10 Most Haunted Places in America

10 Best Places to Retire in Florida East Coast

Top 10 Places to See Before You Die

Top 8 Countries in the World Where Justice Prevails

10 Richest States in America

15 Wealthiest Countries in the World

Richest Singers in the World

Most Expensive Tasting Menu in New York City

Most Expensive Baby Items in the World

Most Expensive Hotel Suites in Vegas

Most Expensive Brunch in New York City

Most Expensive Beef Cuts in the World

25 Best Colleges to Get a Job

Top 10 US Supermarkets

The 25 Most Dangerous Cities in the World to Visit

Most Expensive Xbox Games

Top 11 Cities Where Billionaires Live

Top 10 Most Charitable Companies in America

Most Expensive Seafood in the World

The 10 Wildest Conspiracy Theories

The 10 Best Job Markets in the US

Top 10 Accounting Scandals of All Time

The 25 Biggest Cities in the World

Top 10 Best Paying Virtual Jobs

Most Expensive Leather Shoes in the World

Top 6 Things to Buy in March

The 10 Most Stressful Jobs in America – 2014 List

Top 10 Jobs for Introverted People

Top 10 Honeymoon Destinations in the World

Subscribe

Enter your email:

Delivered by FeedBurner

X

Thanks! An email with instructions is sent to !

Your email already exists in our database. Click here to go to your subscriptions

Insider Monkey returned 47.6% in its first year! Wondering How?

Download a complete edition of our newsletter for free!