Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) surprised the investment community with the recent announcement that it would attempt to offload the remainder of its stake in veterinary pharmaceutical firm Zoetis Inc (NYSE:ZTS). At minimum, the transaction would be designed to reduce Pfizer's take in Zoetis to non-majority, non-controlling levels. However, the ultimate goal appears to be the complete liquidation of Pfizer's interest in its former subsidiary. Although many industry observers expected that this would eventually occur, many have been surprised by the speed and efficacy with which Pfizer appears to be committed to divorcing itself from Zoetis.
This transaction could offer a few key advantages for rank-and-file Pfizer investors. On the other hand, it might temporarily impact the earning power of newly minted Zoetis Inc (NYSE:ZTS) shareholders. However, both of these companies are strong and seem well-prepared to handle temporary volatility. Investors who wish to profit from this special situation should start by comparing Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE), Zoetis and other major drug-makers.
Pfizer, Zoetis and the Competition
Pfizer competes with several major pharmaceutical companies as well as a number of smaller, more narrowly focused outfits. Although it does not enjoy much operational overlap, Zoetis Inc (NYSE:ZTS) also competes with major drug-makers by virtue of its size. One of both firms' closest competitors is Merck & Co., Inc. (NYSE:MRK) .
Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) and Merck are far larger than Zoetis. At last count, Pfizer's market capitalization came in at just over $205 billion. Merck enjoyed a market valuation of around $142 billion. Meanwhile, Zoetis reported a comparatively puny valuation of about $16.7 billion. Despite its enormous size, Pfizer is currently the most profitable of these three firms: At 27%, its profit margin is roughly double that of Merck and (NYSE:MRK) exceeds that of Zoetis by a factor of three. Moreover, Pfizer reported an impressive quarterly earnings growth figure of over 50%. With an earnings increase of 26%, Zoetis also appears to be enjoying some profit momentum. By comparison, Merck recently saw its quarterly earnings shrink by a little over 8 percent.
With just slightly more debt than cash and strongly positive cash flow figures, Pfizer and Merck have similar-looking balance sheets. By comparison, Zoetis Inc (NYSE:ZTS)'s financials look slightly weaker: The company has about $3.7 billion in debt to just $468 million in cash. Fortunately, it has an operating cash flow of around $740 million.
How the Deal Is Structured
According to the terms of the deal, all Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) shareholders are currently eligible to participate in this secondary offering. The offering will be structured as a one-way share swap. As soon as the program begins, individual Pfizer shareholders will be permitted to exchange their holdings for proportional numbers of Zoetis shares. To increase interest in the offering, Pfizer has indicated that shareholders who participate in the deal will earn a premium of between 7 and 8 percent. Although the exact premium will be based on pre-closing trading averages and will not be announced until June 19, it is currently expected to be near 7.5 percent. In other words, Pfizer shareholders who participate in the swap will receive "extra" Zoetis Inc (NYSE:ZTS) shares valued at 7.5 percent of their previous Pfizer holdings.