Obamacare. Is. Coming.
Well, OK, many parts of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly referred to as Obamacare, have already been implemented. But some of the most far-reaching provisions go into effect in 2014. Here are seven things you need to know about Obamacare before then.
1. You won’t be directly affected too much — if you have health insurance through your employer.
If you have health insurance through your employer, most of the Obamacare provisions taking effect next year don’t impact you directly. You will, however, likely be affected by Obamacare in indirect ways as the legislation changes the health-care landscape.
2. You could have to pay a penalty if you don’t have health insurance.
You will be required to pay a tax penalty if you’re not covered by an acceptable insurance policy. The penalty for 2014 will be the greater of $95 per adult and $47.50 per child up to a $285 family maximum or 1% of income above a specified filing threshold ($10,000 for an individual and $20,000 for a family) — whichever is greater.
This amount is pro-rated, though. If you have insurance for part of the year and not the rest, you only pay a penalty on the amount of time you were uninsured. If that amount of time is less than three months, you won’t pay a penalty.
You also won’t have to pay a penalty if you’re an undocumented immigrant, Native American, or don’t make enough to file taxes. Some hardship exemptions also apply.
3. You might qualify for Medicaid — depending on where you live.
Obamacare encouraged states to expand Medicaid to cover individuals making up to 133% of the federal poverty line. However, at last count 27 states won’t be doing so for now.
A few of those states opting against Medicaid expansion could choose to move forward in the future. The best way to determine if you’re eligible for Medicaid is to check the website for your state’s Medicaid program.
4. You could qualify for federal tax credits to help buy health insurance.
If you’re not eligible for health insurance through your employer or government programs, you could be able to receive federal tax credits to help pay for insurance if your household income is less than four times the federal poverty level. How big your credit will be varies based on income level. Around 26 million Americans are expected to qualify for some level of credits.
5. If you need to buy insurance, you’ll do it through an online health insurance exchange.
Online health insurance exchanges are scheduled to be available on Oct. 1 for purchasing insurance. Seventeen states plus the District of Columbia are operating their own exchanges. Insurance may be bought in the other states through a federally operated exchange. Open enrollment will begin in October and closes at the end of March.
The easiest way to determine how to enroll through an online health insurance exchange is to go to HealthCare.gov. This website will provide the appropriate link to your state-operated exchange, if applicable, or walk you through enrolling via a federally operated exchange.
6. Your health insurance might be more expensive — but it could be less costly.
You have probably already heard some states project that insurance will be more expensive under the Obamacare exchanges with other states saying insurance will be less costly. The truth is that it could go either way depending on several variables.
Obamacare requires that insurance plans cover more benefits than some plans cover today. If you’re currently on one those plans with less benefits, you’ll likely pay more going forward. Generally speaking, older Americans will probably pay less while younger individuals will likely pay more. Of course, those tax credits will help many Americans bear some of the higher costs.