By the standards of many emerging markets ETFs, the iShares MSCI Chile Inv. Mt. Idx. Fd (NYSEARCA:ECH) was a laggard in 2012, returning "just" 8.23 percent. That means ECH trailed the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets Index Fund by 520 basis points.
Chile wears the crown as the world's largest copper-producing nation, a gift and a curse depending on the global economic environment. The copper crown intimately links Chile to China, the world's largest copper consumer. Perception becomes reality and the reality for investors morphs into the belief that Chile's economy and its equity markets need China to be firing on all cylinders to make the South American country an attractive investment destination.
That scenario leads Chile to being lumped in with South America's higher-risk, materials-intensive emerging economies. However, the real reality is that the Chile/China link, while not breaking, may be showing signs of decoupling and that might not be a bad thing for iShares MSCI Chile Inv. Mt. Idx. Fd (NYSEARCA:ECH) because the ETF and the Chilean can stand their own two feet.
Surprising Correlations Given the copper conundrum, some investors might expect iShares MSCI Chile Inv. Mt. Idx. Fd (NYSEARCA:ECH) to move in lockstep with comparable China ETFs. That ignores the fact that the materials sector accounts for less than 15 percent of ECH's weight and that the sector is just one of five that receives a double-digit allocation within the ETF.
In fact, when measuring ECH against a trio of major China ETFs in 2012, one of two things become clear. Either it China is not moving Chile the way some think it does or it takes a while for iShares MSCI Chile Inv. Mt. Idx. Fd (NYSEARCA:ECH) to catchup to China ETFs. Either way, the iShares FTSE/Xinhua China 25 Index (NYSEARCA:FXI), the iShares MSCI China Index Fund (NYSEARCA:MCHI) and the SPDR S&P China (NYSEARCA:GXC) all sharply outperformed ECH last year.
Curiously, the correlations are not as intense as some may think. Using SPDR S&P China (NYSEARCA:GXC) as the barometer because it is home to almost 200 more stocks than iShares FTSE/Xinhua China 25 Index (NYSEARCA:FXI), providing a broader view of the Chinese economy, it is easy to see this ETF is not intimately correlated to iShares MSCI Chile Inv. Mt. Idx. Fd (NYSEARCA:ECH). Over the past year, the correlation between the two is 0.62, down from 0.79 over three years, GDP growth of 5.5 percent last year, a solid number considering China's commodities demand was questioned for much of the year. Importantly, Chile sported a $1.5 billion trade surplus for December, which was prompted by increased copper demand, Reuters reported.