Just like any other global firm, Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)'s reliance on emerging markets is ever increasing. As the U.S. and other developed markets are increasingly hitting higher market penetration rates. The number of smartphone users in the U.S. surpassed 141 million, which represents a market penetration rate of 59%, according to comScore. Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)'s dependence on emerging markets, especially the BRIC countries, is on the rise.
Losing ground in developing markets
In May 2013, Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG)'s Android ranked as the top smartphone platform in the U.S. with 52.4 percent market share, whereas Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) ranked second with 39.2 percent market share, followed by Research In Motion Ltd (NASDAQ:BBRY) with 4.8%, according to comScore. And a similar scenario is taking place in Western Europe: Android is very dominant in the region. Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG)'s OS increased its market share to 69% in 1Q13 from 55% a year ago, according to IDC. And Apple's iOS is losing ground as market share declined to 20% from 25% a year ago.
A cheap iPhone can drive Apple's numbers
Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)'s recent trade-in programs points to the fact that the company is trying hard to ramp up its unit sales of the newer iPhones and iPads, and even at the expense of accepting a lower unit price for its products. And it also portrays that the company is not hoping to unveil a revolutionary new product, at least in the near-term
Apple is growing its sales revenue, but owing to the intense competition in the handset and tablet markets, the company’s prices and profits have declined. In Q2 FY2013, the gross margins of the company declined to 37.5% from the Q2 FY2012 gross margin of 47.4%. And the company expects gross margins to trickle down further and come in the range of 36%-37% in 3Q-FY13.
The company has been selling a larger portion of older handsets in emerging markets like the iPhone 4 and 4S at lowered prices to lure in first time smartphone buyers, which led to a decrease in iPhone Average Selling Prices which came down roughly $28 in the last quarter. However, if Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) can sell higher volumes of its less expensive phones in growing countries, the company's dollar profits can increase substantially, even at the expense of lowered gross margins.
The China Factor
China has surpassed the U.S. in terms of the no. of smartphones in the market. The population of China is more than 4x of the U.S., but the penetration of smartphones is a lot lower. For Apple, revenues from Greater China make up roughly 19% of its total revenues, a number which is almost certain to grow in the future.
Apple’s growth in China did trickle down to 7.5% as it doesn’t have the largest carrier, China Mobile on its side. Apple’s revenues from the Greater China region stood at $8.2 billion. And Apple intends to double its retail presence in China within two years from current levels as well. The company is making progress, but it needs to step on the gas pedal.
Apple did launch a mix of products with China Unicom as well as China Telecom. In addition, Apple has about 19,000 point-of-sales distribution and is ramping up its online store as well. As China and many other countries in the emerging world have a sizable number of first-time smartphone buyers, Apple is slashing its prices for the older versions of the iPhone in those regions to attract these potential customers.
China still ranks among the top 10 fastest growing Android/iOS markets in the world by growing over 200% on a year-over-year basis, according to Flurry Analytics. However, Samsung leads the pack in the China smartphone marketplace, and four domestic suppliers are also selling more than the iPhone, according to market researcher IDC. Lower priced phones from domestic OEMs have led to Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) being the sixth largest player in the largest smartphone market in the world.