Time Magazine published an opinion piece today supporting the protestors of TransCanada Corporation (USA)(NYSE:TRP)‘s Keystone XL pipeline in no uncertain terms. Given that the protestors are generally considered radical, this endorsement from such an influential, mainstream publication is significant. It is yet another riff in the crescendo of drum beats hearkening the eventual demise of conventional fossil fuels. Some readers will be old enough to remember a time when popular wisdom held asbestos to be safe. Don’t make the same mistake now.
Time marches on
The Keystone XL pipeline controversy is huge and contentious. Like any such issue, it has been the rope in a hyperbolic and often symbolic tug of war. I won’t bog myself down in the nitty gritty here — a simple Google search will give you hours of fodder — but it’s worth a quick summation.
Keystone XL is TransCanada Corporation (USA)(NYSE:TRP)’s proposed $7 billion pipeline that would connect Canada’s oil sands to refineries around Houston and the Gulf of Mexico. Because it would cross an international border, its construction requires the President’s approval. With the oil and gas industry facing significant transmission and distribution choke points, the energy security crowd sees the pipeline’s construction as vitally important.
On the other hand, we have the environmentalists. Their concern is that Keystone XL enables further development of carbon-intensive tar sands in an era when climate change is a growing threat. Greenpeace, in its “Point of No Return” report, explained that “in 2020, the emissions from the 14 projects showcased in this report — if they were all to go ahead — would raise global CO2 emissions from fossil fuels by 20% and keep the world on a path toward 5°C to 6°C of warming.” Keystone XL is one of those projects.
Many are starting to talk in terms of a “carbon bubble.” If global governments seek to meet their already articulated goals of minimizing global warming to a certain target, many carbon-intensive projects may be at risk. Under this scenario, projects like Keystone XL could become stranded assets, in that they are no longer economically viable to develop under what would be a new regulatory framework. That would be a material business risk.
Activists like Bill McKibben are taking the campaign further. Not only are they vocally and visibly protesting Keystone XL, but they are pushing for total divestment from the fossil fuel sector through their 350.org campaign. The campaign almost certainly won’t be enough to undermine the sector in any real way, but with a growing number of university endowments signing on, it is certainly another sign of a turning tide.
There are more signs. Royal Dutch Shell plc (ADR) (NYSE:RDS.A) announced that it would suspend drilling in the Arctic, to the delight of the environmental groups who believe their pressure may have contributed to the company’s decision. Meanwhile, China announced last week that it would be introducing a carbon tax, just as similar mechanisms are under debate in the U.S.