These days, in order to quickly find the cheapest airfare or hotel bookings for our travel plans, we often seek help from online travel bookers such as Priceline.com Inc (NASDAQ:PCLN), Expedia Inc (NASDAQ:EXPE), and Orbitz Worldwide, Inc. (NYSE:OWW). Interestingly, these three companies have exhibited different share price performances in the past twelve months.
Orbitz Worldwide, Inc. (NYSE:OWW) has been the best performer among the three with an appreciation of nearly 110%, while Expedia Inc (NASDAQ:EXPE) ranked second with a 43.2% increase. Priceline.com Inc (NASDAQ:PCLN) was the most disappointing stock for investors as it rose only 13.3% in the past twelve months. Let’s take a closer look at these three online travel booking companies.
Priceline.com has the highest EV multiple
Priceline.com Inc (NASDAQ:PCLN) is the owner of several websites including Booking.com, priceline.com, Agoda.com, and rentalcars.com. Most of its sales, $3.14 billion, or 59.7% of total 2012 sales, were generated from the Agency business while Merchant revenue was around $2.1 billion in 2012. Priceline.com Inc (NASDAQ:PCLN) has grown its top and bottom line consistently in the past five years. Revenue increased from $1.88 billion in 2008 to $5.26 billion in 2012 while net income rose significantly, from $193 million to $1.42 billion during the same period.
Priceline.com Inc (NASDAQ:PCLN) does not employ a lot of debt in its operations. As of March 2013, it had nearly $4 billion in equity, $5.18 billion in cash and short-term investments, and only $1.5 billion in debt. Priceline.com is also a cash cow. In 2012, it generated nearly $1.79 billion in operating cash flow and $1.73 billion in free cash flow. It is trading at around $765 per share with a total market cap of $38.1 billion. The market seems to value Priceline.com quite expensively, at as much as 17.42 times EV/EBITDA.
Indeed, Priceline.com Inc (NASDAQ:PCLN) has the highest valuation compared to both Expedia Inc (NASDAQ:EXPE) and Orbitz Worldwide, Inc. (NYSE:OWW). Expedia is trading at nearly $59 per share with a total market cap of $8 billion. The market values Expedia much cheaper than Priceline.com at 11.1 times EV/EBITDA.
Expedia and Orbitz – lower multiple but more leverage
Expedia Inc (NASDAQ:EXPE) reported that it has a dynamic portfolio of travel brands with the broadest supply portfolio of nearly 200,000 hotels in 200 countries and 300 airlines. Expedia has also enjoyed spectacular growth in the past five years. Revenue increased from $2.94 billion in 2008 to more than $4 billion in 2012. In 2012, Expedia generated $280 million in net income, $1.23 billion in operating cash flow, and $994 million in free cash flow.
Expedia Inc (NASDAQ:EXPE) also has a strong balance sheet. As of March 2013, it had more than $2 billion in cash and investments and nearly $1.25 billion in debt. However, Expedia uses more leverage than Priceline.com Inc (NASDAQ:PCLN). Its debt/equity ratio is 0.6 while the debt/equity ratio of Priceline.com is 0.2. Among the three, Orbitz Worldwide, Inc. (NYSE:OWW) has the weakest balance sheet. It had only $14 million in equity, $220 million in cash, and more than $450 million in debt.
Orbitz Worldwide, Inc. (NYSE:OWW) is the only company of the trio that incurred losses. In 2012, while it generated $779 million in revenue, the net loss came in at more than $300 million. Orbitz has several global online travel brands including Orbitz, CheapTickets, the Away Network, and HotelClub. The company generated most of its revenue, $261.5 million, or 33.6% of total 2012 revenue, from its Air business, while Hotel ranked second with $225.6 million in sales. Orbitz Worldwide, Inc. (NYSE:OWW) generates most of its revenue within the U.S.