The Bill and Carl Show—er—Showdown: Herbalife Ltd. (HLF)

Page 1 of 2

Herbalife Ltd. (HLF)They say no publicity is bad publicity. At the moment, that appears to be the case for Herbalife Ltd. (NYSE:HLF).

A recent heated, verbal back-and-forth between billionaire investors Carl Icahn and Bill Ackman on CNBC over the legitimacy of Herbalife and its stock had viewers and traders on the floor on the New York Stock Exchange captivated as the two men traded personal jabs. The fiery feud stems from Ackman’s hedge fund Pershing Square’s bearish investment in Herbalife.

Ackman, short the stock, maintains Herbalife is nothing more than a pyramid scheme. In mid-December 2012, shares plummeted to around $26 from around $42 a share after Ackman made public that he holds a huge short position in Herbalife.

During the roughly 30 minutes of air time on CNCB, Icahn called Ackman a lair adding, “He’s got one of the worst reputations on Wall Street.” Tough talking Icahn alleges Ackman unduly and intentionally attempts to, and frequently succeeds at, forcing companies’ stock price down by making public that he holds a massive short position in an underlying stock.

Ackman retorted to the allegations by saying, “He can try to scare my investors, which it sounds like he is attempting to do on this call. We take prudent risk at Pershing Square, we are an unlevered fund, and we are very thoughtful in the way that we do our business.”

Shares of Herbalife closed little changed the day the two men went at it.

Meanwhile, CNBC hasn’t garnered so much attention since the Internet era, which gave birth to a bevy of high-flying tech companies, many of which have since gone bust.

Despite the tepid response to the on-air smackdown, shares of Herbalife have been volatile over the last year, gyrating between a low of $24.24 and a high of $73.

The global nutrition company is no stranger to controversy and bad press. The fresh spate of eye-brow raising allegations has prompted Herbalife executives to staunchly, yet not quite convincingly, defend the firm yet again. In 1985, just five years after its inception, the company was sued by the California Attorney General for making inflated claims about the effectiveness of its products. Herbalife settled for $850,000, without admitting to any offenses. (While headquartered in Los Angeles, the company is incorporated in the tax and privacy friendly Cayman Islands).

Founder Mark Hughes, who began the company by selling products from the trunk of his car in 1980,  died at the age of 44 on May 21, 2000, from an accidental overdose of a cocktail of alcohol and an anti-depressant.

In ensuing years, a handful of lawsuit plagued the company including one from distributors that accused the company of “essentially running a pyramid scheme; another one challenged the marketing practices of certain distributors; and others claimed the company’s products caused a bevy of side effects, some very serious such as liver failure.

It is mind boggling that Hebalife continues to grow and make money amid all the controversy. The company fruitfully sells nutrition, weight management and personal care products through a network of some 2.7 million independent distributors in more 87 countries, some of whom earn profit on products sales and additional commission from a multi-level marketing compensation structure.

But maybe it really isn’t all that surprising. The definition of a pyramid scheme is a “money making enterprise in which the main source of revenue is through the recruitment of additional sales representatives, distributors and other participants who pay fee to sign up, rather than through the sale of actual products.”

Page 1 of 2
Comments
Insider Monkey Small Cap Strategy
Insider Monkey Small Cap Strategy

Insider Monkey beat the market by 52 percentage points in 24 months. Our beta is only 1.2 (don't click this link if beating the market isn't important to you).

Lists

Most Expensive Animals in the World

Most Expensive Specialty Crops in the World

Movies That Took Ages to Make

The Longest Hollywood Films Ever Made

Most Expensive Concert Stages

The Richest Bands of all Time

10 Most Corrupt Countries 2013 List

10 Countries with the Highest Quality of Life Index

Most Expensive Mattresses in the World

5 Smallest Countries by Land Area

The Ultimate Heartbreak Songs

Richest Teenagers in the World

10 Most Haunted Places in America

10 Best Places to Retire in Florida East Coast

Top 10 Places to See Before You Die

Top 8 Countries in the World Where Justice Prevails

10 Richest States in America

15 Wealthiest Countries in the World

Richest Singers in the World

Most Expensive Tasting Menu in New York City

Most Expensive Baby Items in the World

Most Expensive Hotel Suites in Vegas

Most Expensive Brunch in New York City

Most Expensive Beef Cuts in the World

25 Best Colleges to Get a Job

Top 10 US Supermarkets

The 25 Most Dangerous Cities in the World to Visit

Most Expensive Xbox Games

Top 11 Cities Where Billionaires Live

Top 10 Most Charitable Companies in America

Most Expensive Seafood in the World

The 10 Wildest Conspiracy Theories

The 10 Best Job Markets in the US

Top 10 Accounting Scandals of All Time

The 25 Biggest Cities in the World

Top 10 Best Paying Virtual Jobs

Most Expensive Leather Shoes in the World

Top 6 Things to Buy in March

The 10 Most Stressful Jobs in America – 2014 List

Top 10 Jobs for Introverted People

Top 10 Honeymoon Destinations in the World

Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs in the World

Most Expensive Day-Care in New York City

The 10 Cheapest Places to Retire Abroad

Top 10 Most Expensive Luxury Cars in the World – 2014

Killer Small Business Ideas

The 50 Best Personal Finance Blogs

Most Expensive Apartments in New York City

Bloodiest UFC Fights Ever Fought

Most Expensive Rum Brands in the World

Subscribe

Enter your email:

Delivered by FeedBurner

X

Thanks! An email with instructions is sent to !

Your email already exists in our database. Click here to go to your subscriptions

Insider Monkey returned 47.6% in its first year! Wondering How?

Download a complete edition of our newsletter for free!