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salesforce.com, inc. (CRM), International Business Machines Corp. (IBM): Heart of Cloud Moves to Applications

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salesforce.com, inc. (NYSE:CRM)The new TalkinCloud 100, released on July 31, has some important news for investors in technology stocks.The list contains cloud service providers ranked by revenue.

Applications have overtaken infrastructure as the heart of the cloud, and this may mean changes in your portfolio.

salesforce #1

The largest Cloud Service Provider, according to the site, is no longer Amazon.Com. It’s salesforce.com, inc. (NYSE:CRM).

salesforce.com, inc. (NYSE:CRM) had $3 billion in cloud revenue last year, TalkinCloud said. The company has long been considered more of a Software as a Service (SaaS) operation than a cloud provider, built on marketing applications based on an Oracle database.

Applications cost much more money to deliver than infrastructure, although they provide the real value in cloud, and salesforce.com, inc. (NYSE:CRM)’s numbers reflect this. The company hasn’t had any operating earnings since 2011, and it continued to lose money for the first quarter of 2013, $40 million worth. The company is betting on its investment cash flow to keep functioning – that came in at over $1 billion over the last three months.

Because it is committed to Oracle hardware, and recently renewed those vows, salesforce.com, inc. (NYSE:CRM) doesn’t get the kinds of savings you expect to get from cloud. Its debt level has been rising, now standing at 25% of equity. But the amount of cash on its balance sheet has also been increasing, and at the end of its last quarter it had enough cash to pay off that long-term debt with a check.

As with Amazon, investors are betting that top-line growth will eventually hit the bottom-line. The company is growing at nearly 30% each year, and its latest quarter seems to argue it can keep that pace, $892 million in sales against $695 million in the same quarter last year.

IBM Moving Up

International Business Machines Corp. (NYSE:IBM) agreed to pay an estimated $2 billion for SoftLayer in June, and now we know why. Softlayer is actually higher on the TalkinCloud list than International Business Machines Corp. (NYSE:IBM) itself, sitting at number seven with estimated revenues of $355 million.

While salesforce.com, inc. (NYSE:CRM) is pushing cloud applications, SoftLayer offers a cloud platform, featuring tools with which companies can create their own applications. Its data centers represent a major expansion of IBM’s own network, and since SoftLayer was also supporting Citrix’ CloudStack, it brings additional flexibility to a company that committed to OpenStack infrastructure last year.

International Business Machines Corp. (NYSE:IBM) has been pushing the idea that cloud is complex, and insecure. It’s pushing every government audit that worries about the issue, like this one from NASA and is trying to get Amazon’s contract with the CIA cancelled over the issue.

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