Do technology companies possess a sustainable competitive advantage? Warren Buffett doesn't think so, primarily because of the heavy R&D budgets that weigh down profits and require them to remain competitive. But with the right synergies, tech firms definitely can achieve massive gains.
A Capital Intensive Business
According to a Booz & Company report, six of the top 10 most innovative companies in the world operate in the technology sector. Among them is Intel Corporation (NASDAQ:INTC), which spent $10.1 billion on R&D in 2012. Such large costs likely will not dwindle anytime soon.
According to Intel’s CTO Justin Rattner, “…fifty cents of every dollar goes into exploratory stuff and the other fifty cents of every dollar goes into tech that serves the business unit that makes the money.” For a firm that generates 60% of its revenue from the declining PC industry, this formula is perplexing.
Just what does Rattner have in mind? The future.
During the first quarter, Intel Corporation (NASDAQ:INTC) generated $4.3 billion in cash, paid $1.1 billion in dividends, and repurchased stock valued at $533 million. These are all phenomenal indicators that Intel is healthy -- especially the cash generated.
If Intel wants to stay on top of its game, though, it must accomplish three objectives:
1. Expand into the mobile market by partnering with firms that can utilize its technology and products
2. Diversify income streams by decrease its 60% dependence on revenue from the PC market
3. Monetize R&D initiatives by bringing ideas to market
How Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) could wreck Intel
Research and development giant Google Inc (NASDAQ:GOOG) poses a large threat to Intel Corporation (NASDAQ:INTC) on two fronts. First, Google is entrenched in markets Intel desires to enter, notably the mobile industry. Second, some of Google's groundbreaking products, like Google Glass, utilize products from ARM Holdings plc (ADR) (NASDAQ:ARMH), Intel’s direct competitor. If Google is continually pleased with ARM’s technology, the partnership between the firms could quickly become a piercing thorn in Intel’s side.
While Google Glass was under development, Intel Corporation (NASDAQ:INTC) endured an identity crises. During this time, Intel's management decided to transition from designing chips, processors, and technology for the PC market to offering products and services applicable to the mobile industry. All the while, ARM continued to focus on its niche market -- designing technology for electronics and technology companies.
Seemingly at Intel’s expense, ARM grew rapidly.
Then everything changed. Intel had enough.