The competition between the major airlines in the United States is well known and various tactics employed by each have been a contributing factor in more than a fair share of airline bankruptcies. But with the consolidation in the airline industry that has occurred over the past few years, there are fewer, but stronger, competitors in the major airline space. Now with regional flights being a critical part of feeder networks, major carriers Delta Air Lines, Inc. (NYSE:DAL) and American Airlines are turning attention to managing their regional operations.
A story of bankruptcy
Delta Air Lines, Inc. (NYSE:DAL) is beginning to work to better align the interests of Endeavor Air, formally Pinnacle Airlines, with those of its own network. After Delta shuttered its regional carrier Comair, it seemed that the Atlanta-based airline had left the regional flying business for good. That changed when Delta acquired bankrupt Pinnacle Airlines, a regional carrier that tried to expand too much but still had ties to Delta for regional flying.
Like most airline bankruptcies, part of the restructuring involved slashing employee pay. In this case, those cuts were necessary for Delta Air Lines, Inc. (NYSE:DAL) to see Pinnacle as economically advantageous. By the end, Pinnacle would change its name to Endeavor Air and sign an exclusive contract with Delta in a move that once again returns the aviation giant to the regional airline business.
Another story of bankruptcy
While Pinnacle’s bankruptcy flew under the radar for much of the media, the bankruptcy of American Airlines grabbed plenty of attention. As the last legacy carrier to declare bankruptcy, American finally decided it was time to restructure despite not being in too bad of financial shape to begin with. Sure, the airline had a money losing pattern over the past nine quarters but it did not have immediate debt obligations due and it still had a significant amount of cash left over to make payments. Nonetheless, American Airlines and its regional partner American Eagle both sought bankruptcy protection in late 2011.
One of the things that made the American Airlines bankruptcy so interesting is that the airline was able to continue with one of the largest aircraft orders in history. As part of a fleet renewal program, American realized it needed to modernize its fleet to effectively compete with other major carriers. The whole time American Airlines was in bankruptcy it attracted the interest of US Airways Group, Inc. (NYSE:LCC) which was rather upfront about seeking a merger. After on and off negotiations, the final agreement was that the newly merged airline would be called American and would be 28 percent owned by US Airways shareholders and 72 percent owned by stakeholders of AMR Corp, the parent company of American Airlines and American Eagle.
Changing the regional carrier
The new American has already got major cost savings obtained through its reorganization but it is seeking additional concessions at American Eagle. Tulsa World reports that union chairman Tony Gutierrez considers Delta Air Lines, Inc. (NYSE:DAL)’s competitive advantage in regional flying to be “massive”. This is clearly a plus for Delta since the airline will pay less in costs for regional flying going forward. With regional flying being such an important part of bringing passengers into the main airline network, the cuts extracted from employees at Pinnacle will give Delta a major cost advantage over competitors.
Of course AMR Corp wants American Eagle to be more competitive with Endeavor Air in the future and any savings obtained would benefit shareholders of the new American which would be made up of US Airways Group, Inc. (NYSE:LCC) shareholders, AMR creditors, and current AMR shareholders.
How to play the cost savings
Current shareholders of AMR are actually expected to receive a small part of the new airline. However this amount is only 3.5 percent plus what is determined through the equity plan in the reorganization. As a result, AAMRQ shares are like options on US Airways Group, Inc. (NYSE:LCC) shares good until the merger closes. For investors looking at a more long term horizon, US Airways shares are the closest one can get to buying shares of the new American Airlines since the merger will be a takeover of AMR through an all share merger.